Resources:EML FAQ

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Archival page for Stephen Lee and Widya Santoso's ancient EML FAQ, as retrieved from the Internet Archive. Brought to the wiki in the hope of being updated and resurrected in some form.

Widya Santoso widya at macquarie.matra.com.au Mon Nov 8 22:54:58 EST 1999

EVA FAQ version 0.6.3

New information delinated with "(*"

Contents

Section 0. Introduction.

0.0) Format of this document. 0.1) What is this document about? 0.2) What is Shin Seiki Evangelion/Neon Genesis Evangelion? 0.3) The English Evangelion mailing list. 0.3.1) How do I unsubscribe? 0.4) Where can I get the most up-to-date version? 0.5) Who should I send Additions/Corrections to? 0.6) Who worked on this document? 0.7) What's new in this version?

--

Section 0. Introduction.

0.0) Format of this document.

Each separate topic is marked with "x.y)" at the beginning. Square brackets ("[x.y]") marks a reference to another topic.

Some terms are listed in both romanized Japanese and English. In those cases the Japanese terms comes first.

Japanese romanization mostly follows the Hepburn system. But I don't have a reference to that so it might not be exact. Kanjis are marked by initial caps and Katakanas are marked by all caps.

Japanese people's names are presented family name first. Thus, in the name "Ikari Shinji" Ikari would be the family name.

0.1) What is this document about?

This is a collection of information about the work Shin Seiki Evangelion/Neon Genesis Evangelion [0.2]. This information is mostly compiled from the work itself, books [4.0.3] and the posts in the English Evangelion Mailing list [0.1].

0.2) What is Shin Seiki Evangelion/Neon Genesis Evangelion?

Shin Seiki Evangelion/Neon Genesis Evangelion (Evangelion or EVA in short) is originally an anime TV series conceived by ...

0.3) The English Evangelion mailing list.

To subscribe to the English language Evangelion mailing list, a blank email to <evangelion-subscribe at evangelion.ml.org>. You will recieve an email message confirming your request, which you must reply to. You will also recieve a copy of the list rules, which contain the address of the list.

The list also has a web page at http://evangelion.ml.org/eva/ml

0.3.1) How do I unsubscribe?

You can unsubscribe from the Evangelion mailing list by sending mail to <evangelion-unsubscribe at evangelion.ml.org>, then replying to the confirmation message.

0.4) Where can I get the most up-to-date version?

WWW: A copy of this document can be found at

http://evangelion.ml.org/faq

HTML, text, Zip and GZip files are available from this site.

Mailing List: Currently, the FAQ will be posted on the first of each month. (It depends on the enthusiasm of the current editor.)

Usenet: The FAQ will be posted to rec.arts.anime.info when the current edition becomes V1.0, and posted each update as necessary. This document will become V1.0 when all sections and questions have been completed and answered. (It depends on the enthusiasm of the current editor.)

0.5) Who should I send Additions/Corrections to?

To the mailing list, or to the current editor of the FAQ.

0.6) Who worked on this document?

Stephen Lee <sl14 at cornell.edu> wrote the original text.

The following people (in alphabetical order) contributed to information, questions and answers (Thanks everyone!). If anybody is missing, please let the maintainer know:

The 18th Angel <why at intergate.bc.ca>

    "Girlfriend of Steel" port to other formats

AlphSailor <AlphSailor at aol.com>

    ADV Release dates
    EVA Units manufacture information
    Angel Pattern information
    Terms definition

"Amazon Trio" <sun1jack at hotmail.com>

    Voice Actor credits

Amuro2nd <Amuro2nd at aol.com>

    Evangelion Games
    Estimated character heights

Zhou Tai An <kain at pacific.net.sg>

    Maintainer of the Symbolism FAQ

Oska Archer

    Instrumentality of Mankind Third Impact question

John Andy Baird <jabair at maila.wm.edu>

    Location of RCB translation

BARDIEL <EGIVENS at hope.gordonc.edu>

    Manga Entertainment treatment of Evangelion Movies (*

Bochan Bird <mmk at gol.com>

    Japanese Family Names
    Episode 20 Spoiler theory

Annalisa Bracco <brac at writeme.com>

    Aircraft carrier names

Stefano Brondi <bab at bab.net>

    Marduk information 

Ryan Brunner <ab995 at hwcn.org>

    Rei spoiler clarification 

C-Chan <solo06 at olywa.net>

    Card Game existence

"Gualtiero Cannarsi" <shito at tin.it>

    Author of the "Evangelion Encyclopaedia" (Italian)
    Italian release information
    NERV Make up

Anneli Chambliss <firedragonryoko at hotmail.com>

    Ep. 21 Newspaper Headlines

Jesse Chang <pxc131 at psu.edu>

    Pattern types information
    Henflick limit information

George Chen <gchen at community.net>, <george at netobjects.com>

    E-mono, Evangelion Symphonic information
    Rei 1/1 Scale figure
    Japanese Genesis 0:11 LD & DVD release dates
    Revival movie release date
    Episode titles definition
    Japanese Genesis 0:12 LD release dates
    Symphony of Evangelion LD synopsis
    Japanese Genesis 0:13, 0:14 LD catalogue number, release dates
    Japanese Movie LD information
    BMG CD Information
    Shinji Cello piece information
    1999 Calendar information
    Asuka 1/1 Scale figure
    DVD release dates (*

Mike Corbitt <makoto at mem.net>

    Voice Actor clarifications

CuSO4 <chyung at hknet.com>

    Clarified military ranks
    Book releases (October 1997)
    Voice Actor credits
    Looked up the list of seiyuus.
    Film book information
    Hong Kong TV broadcast and editing information
    New Playstation Mahjongg game
    Japanese Movie LD information
    Hong Kong VCD and broadcast TV editions

"(^_^)" <dafto at 110.net>

    Trading Card information
    Nintendo 64 game information

Avery Davies <puppeteer at earthlink.net>

    LCL information
    Andromeda Strain references 
    Identification of citizenship of SEELE committee members
    Added footage to Genesis 0:11
    EVA Units size
    Film reference
    Chinese books information
    Lyrics information
    NERV officers' ranks (*

dot_warner17 at hotmail.com

    Definition of Lilith
    Yom Kippur
    English translation of "NGE"

dreamweather <tcneo at cyberway.com.sg>

    LCL information

EBJ <e.barone at flashnet.it>

    Italian Merchandising information
    Death soundtrack label number information
    Episode miscellany 
    Clarification of miscellaneous references (*

Rick EndUser <okyaku at quiknet.com>

    Crystal Art merchandise 

(JESUS ARMANDO MAN MUNOZ ESCOBEDO) al602661 at academ03.mty.itesm.mx

    Character Name references

Richard Fung (Shinomori Aoshi) <rfung at eden.rutgers.edu>

    Voice Actor credits
    Episode Titles, Air dates

"James Gilmer" <grey7 at ismi.net>

    Instrumentality Project

Addison Godel <agodel at avana.net>

    Magi definition

heles <mindheles at geocities.com>

    Italian edition
    Magi identities

Carl Horn

    Editor, Viz edition of Neon Genesis Evangelion
    Beer information
    Rei name information
    Rei spoiler information

Hans ter Horst <hans at ilex-si.com> "Ikari Yui" <szechan at pacific.net.sg>

    VCD information

Adam Ingram <ingram at io.com>

    3D Image CD-ROM

Nobutoshi Ito <nonchan at trp.beri.co.jp>

    Gainax's new TV project

<Johnfav at aol.com>

    Lilith Black Moon information 

Edward Ju <gundam at loop>

    Vox, Refrain CD Tracks information
    Model kit description

<justlam at intergate.bc.ca> Briareos Kerensky

    Andromeda Strain homages

Charles King <king at axon.rutgers.edu>

    Dead Sea Scrolls information
    English translation of "NGE"

"Paul Lampshire" <gbc76 at dial.pipex.com>

    "Girlfriend of Steel" port to other formats
    UK release details

"K.E.C.Lapus/J.J.C.Lapus"/Johann Chua <lapus at cnl.net>

    Model information 
    Additional Voice Talent roles

Danny Lee <dannylhy at pacific.net.sg>

    Death and Vox CD information

Stephen Lee

    Andromeda Strain references 

"Lexus" <a2939406 at rad.net.id>

    Books, CD, model kit information
    Evangelion Symphonic information
    RPG Book information

KanedA (Eloi_G)

    Birthdates

Adam M. <kulilin at citynet.net> "B Mascardo 2" <masc at gte.net>

    NERV logo question

Aino Minako <minako at jps.net>

    Voice Actor clarification

Katsuragi Misato <katsuragi at earthlink.net>

    Added Angel information

Fuuma Monou <fuuma at skyinet.net>

    Gainax, sponsor information
    Air Dates clarification 
    Voice Actor credits
    Marriage cultural information
    Influences clarifications 
    US comics book information

Kaoru Nagisa <kaoru_nagisa at hotmail.com>

    NERV logo question
    Lyrics to Thanatos

<Ernest_Ng at proctors.com.au>

    SEELE "Seven Eyes of God" reference
    Movie box set goods information
    "Childrens" spoiler information
    Fly Me To The Moon TV Endings
    Instrumentality of Mankind Third Impact question

Shouryu Nohe <jnohe at nmsu.edu>

    Shinji Cello piece information

"Emiliano Peruch" <peruch at softway.it>

    Merchandising information (Italy)
    Italian cast names
    Corrections (*

Frank Provo <mosaic at innocent.com>

    Fan Service

Rei Ayanami <rei_ayanami16 at yahoo.com>

    Rei spoiler clarification 

Mark Ross <RossMM at worldnet.att.net>

    Evangelion Card Game

Tom Rothamel <tom at computerworks.net>

    Moderator of Evangelion mailing list Mark II
    2015/6 Timeline Project
    Space: 1999 reference
    AD Vision 0:13 release
    Beer Brand
    English "Girlfriend of Steel" title
    NERV logo question

Widya Santoso <widya at macquarie.matra.com.au>

    Current editor
    Edited versions 0.3.1 to ???
    Added timeline
    Australasian Licence
    Australian TV Broadcast

"Ricardo Saramago" <jsaramago at mail.telepac.pt>

    Portuguese TV version

Kumiko Sato <kxs334 at psu.edu>

    Kensuke & Touji name influences

Yasuyuki Sato <yasuyuki at cs.ucla.edu>

    Gainax's new TV project

savant <jlaw at swiftech.com.sg>

    Expanded timeline from ADAM Data book

Bryce Schumacher <gokou at umd.umich.edu>

    "Girlfriend of Steel" port to other formats

"Seventh Messenger" <nanashi96 at hotmail.com>

    Book information

Kevin Shiue <shiue at andrew.cmu.edu>

    A regular contributor to the list.

Takeuchi Shouichi <takeuchi at mbox.kyoto-inet.or.jp>

    Clarified and added new information
    Editor of Neon Genesis Evangelion Japanese FAQ
    Movie TV scheduling
    New book information
    Marriage cultural information
    Beer Brands

"Arune Singh, 007" <priestzagato at hotmail.com>

    "Girlfriend of Steel" port to other formats

"John 'i would make a good pirate' Skov" <jdskov at gloria.cord.edu>

    EVA Unit Gender

Jesse Smith <jdsmith at shell.wco.com>

    Japanese Genesis 0:11-0:14 LD & DVD release dates

"Andy Sze (Rambling Baka/FOBio)" <amsze at csupomona.edu>

    Hayashibara Megumi roles addition
    CD case information

"Axel Terizaki" <aterizak at club-internet.fr>

    French Information (*

"There are some who call me...Tim" <mayv0001 at tc.umn.edu>

    AD Vision DVD Release (*

"Ryan Tyrrell" <rtyrrell at i-cafe.net>

    Genesis 0:11 LD additional scenes
    Panasonic Sample DVD Disk information

Jason Tseung <jasontse at ihug.co.nz>

    Sheet music information

"uri" <org at nil.fut.es>

    Spanish information 
    LCL information 
    Michael Crichton reference 
    Religious term clarification
    Episodes references 
    Spanish broadcast details

Cle van Herten <cl.herten at wxs.nl>

    Netherlands release

Washuu-Chan <Washuu at gmx.net>

    German video release
    Death & Rebirth Calendar 1999 information
    German comics release

Alex Wei <74652.116 at compuserve.com>

    Instrumentality Project

Ryan Yeung <RyanYeung at aol.com>

    Symphonic Concert LD information

Patrick Yip <Patrick.Yip at ing-barings.com>

    Red Cross Book review
    Books, Doujinshi information
    Takahashi Yoko album information
    RCB translation information
    Death film structure
    Classical music
    Evangelion Symphonic information
    End of Evangelion essays book
    "Love and Pop", Anno Hideaki's new project
    Translation of Zankoku na tenshi no TEEZE (The cruel angel's
     thesis)
    Editing of translation of Tamashii no Refrain (Soul Refrain)
    Kaworu name clarification
    Plug Suit clarification in episode 20
    Asuka 1/1 scale figure price
    Tamashii no Refuran version
    Movie version information

0.7) What's new in this version?

18 May 1997, v0.0

    Outline created.

21 May 1997, v0.1

    Some answers written.

26 May 1997, v0.2

    Revised and posted to the Evangelion mailing list.

29 May 1997, v0.3

    Added answers from people on the list. Reformated a lot of stuff
    using HTML tables. If that is a problem please let me know. Merged
    seiyuu section into character descriptions.

14 September 1997, v0.3.1

    Angel information, table of contents included.

16 September 1997, v0.4

    Added answers from people on the list after v0.3.1 published.
    Inclusion of timeline (1.5)

27 September 1997, v0.5

    Added birthdates to timeline
    Names/warship correlation
    Included information on 24's titles (2.9)
    Added Religious Glossary (1.6)

11 October 1997, v0.5.1

    Included various information
    When was Evangelion first broadcast? (2.3) 
    Expanded book information

5 November 1997, v0.5.2

    Included expanded Timeline (1.5)

30 November 1997, v0.5.3

    New movie information
    Voice Actor (Japanese & English) credits
    Episode titles and airdates
    Name significances
    DVD Releases
    Takahashi Youko albums
    Books and Doujinshi information
    AD Vision VHS Tapes Releases
    New Mailing List addresses

30, 31 December 1997, v0.5.4

    New book information
    New CD information
    Inclusion of model kit, posters and miscellaneous merchandise
     information
    Movie schedules, information
    Clarifications to religious glossary
    Clarifications to episode list
    AD Vision information, new LD release
    MTV clarification
    Summary of the RCB glossary
    Update of birthdays from RCB for timeline

29-31 January 1998, v0.5.5

    More movie information
    Biographical information about Anno Hideaki
    "Love and Pop", Anno Hideaki's new project
    Additional English voice artists information
    Rumours about Genesis 0:11
    References and homages, Andromeda Strain and Space: 1999 
     references
    Information about SEELE committee
    Information about the Evangelion Symphonic Double CD
    New book information
    Release of "Girlfriend of Steel" game on different platforms
    Merchandise information, including sheet music
    AD Vision release details
    Spoiler infomation on episodes 1, 20

26-28 February 1998 v0.5.6

    Additional scenes in AD Vision release of Genesis 0:11
    Additional comparisions and homages
    New book, merchandising information
    North American CD-ROM and comics information
    Character names symbolism
    Location of RCB translation
    Gainax's new TV project
    Dounjinshi section moved
    AD Vision 0:12 release information

14 March 1998 v0.5.6.1

    New book, merchandising information

31 March 1998 v0.5.7

    New movie information
    Magi definition
    New Japanese voice actor information
    Hong Kong TV Broadcasting information
    AD Vision information on English edition of Genesis 0:11, 0:12
    Information on additional scenes in Japanese Genesis 0:11 release
    New book, merchandising information

24 April 1998 v0.5.7.1

    New Japanese voice actor information
    CD Information
    Episode titles defintion
    Make up of NERV information
    EVA Unit Gender, manufacture, size information
    Genesis 0:11 LD additional scenes
    European, Hong Kong, Australasian video and broadcast information
    AD Vision release dates and information
    Angel Patterns identification
    Character name references
    Lillith, Dead Sea Scrolls information
    Translation of "Shin Seiki Evangelion"
    Japanese broadcast dates clarification
    GAINAX information

27 April 1998 v0.5.7.2

    New book, merchandising information

28 April 1998 v0.5.8

    Definitions
    Card Game existence
    Genesis 0:12 LD release date

16 May 1998 v0.5.8.1

    New book, merchandising information
    Disclaimers re. English Girlfriend of Steel, Italian/Spanish 
     broadcast

29 May 1998 v0.5.9

    Clarification of movie releases
    Japanese releases
    Italian releases
    Dutch and Belgian releases
    Beer brands
    Film reference
    LD synopsis
    Cordwainer Smith
    Definition of terms
    Cultural reference
    Hong Kong editing
    Song Lyrics
    Card errors
    Games information
    Magi Identities
    Spoiler information

27 June 1998 v0.5.10

    Rei spoiler clarification 
    Chinese books information
    Lyrics information
    Model information 
    NERV logo question
    Air Dates clarification 
    NERV logo question
    Rei spoiler clarification 
    NERV logo question
    Portuguese TV version
    Spanish information 
    LCL information 
    Michael Crichton reference 
    Religious term clarification
    Episodes references 
    Asuka 1/1 scale figure price
    Tamashii no Refuran version
    New book, merchandising information

18 July 1998 v0.5.11.1

    Merchandising information

30 July 1998 v0.5.11.2

    Clarification of personal, EVA, timeline data
    Estimated character heights
    Card Game existence
    Ep. 21 Newspaper Headlines
    Japanese Genesis 0:13, 0:14 LD catalogue number, release dates
    New Playstation Mahjongg game
    Death and Vox CD information
    Panasonic Sample DVD Disk information

5 September 1998 v0.5.12.1

    Marduk information 
    Japanese Movie LD information
    Andromeda Strain references 
    Crystal Art merchandise 
    Lilith Black Moon information 
    Influences clarifications 

11 September 1998 v0.5.12.2

    Merchandising information
    Australian Video and TV Release information

29 September 1998 v0.5.13

    Merchandising information
    Japanese Movie LD Catalogue information
    New CD information
    Lyrics to Thanatos
    US Comics information

10 October 1998 v0.5.14.1

    Australian TV Broadcast information
    Merchandising information

27 October 1998 v0.5.14.2

    SEELE Logo clarification
    Italian Merchandising information
    Shinji Cello piece information
    Voice Actor clarifications
    Spanish television broadcasts
    Movie version information
    Pattern types information
    Henflick limit information
    Hong Kong VCD and broadcast TV editions
    1999 Calendar information

4 December 1998 v0.5.15

    Merchandising information
    CD Release dates
    German video release
    Gainax tax fraud reports

21 December 1998 v0.5.16.1

    Merchandising information

30 December 1998 v0.5.16.2

    Beer information
    Rei name information
    Rei spoiler information
    Additional Voice Talent roles
    Asuka 1/1 Scale figure
    Japanese Movie LD information

5 February 1999 v0.5.17

    Merchandising information
    Revival TV broadcast date
    "Children" term spoiler information
    UK release information
    UK/Australasian editing information

28 February 1999 V0.5.18

    Merchandising information
    Book information
    Merchandising information (Italy)
    Italian cast names
    German video and comics release
    Episode miscellany
    Japanese Family Names
    Fly Me To The Moon TV Endings

22 March 1999 v0.6.1.1

    Section 4) Merchandise was split and spun off into a separate
    document, The Evangelion English Mailing List Merchandising FAQ

5 April 1999 V0.6.1.2

    Episode miscellany
    Episode 20 spoiler theory

6 June 1999 V0.6.2

    Instrumentality of Mankind Third Impact spoiler question
    Asuka's mother's fate + movie spoiler information
    Rei's purpose + movie spoiler information
    Italian tape release
    Andromeda Strain homages
    Aircraft carrier "Over the Rainbow" real ship information

5 November 1999 V0.6.3

    Manga Entertainment acquisition and treatment of Evangelion Movies
    DVD release dates
    AD Vision DVD Release
    NERV officers' ranks
    French Information
    Clarification of miscellaneous references
    Corrections

EVA FAQ ver.0.6.3 Written by Stephen Lee. Edited by Widya Santoso. Last revised November 5, 1999.

EVA FAQ version 0.6.3

New information delinated with "(*"

Contents

Section 1. General information about the series.

1.0) Story Background. 1.0.1) What does "Shin Seiki Evangelion" translate as? 1.1) Tell me about Genesis 0:0, 26 TV episodes, and the two movies. 1.1a) What are the different versions of the films? 1.1.1) What is Genesis 0:0? 1.2) Who are the characters? 1.3) The EVAs. 1.4) The Angels. 1.5) Timeline. 1.6) Religious glossary 1.6.1) What is the tree-like image seen in the opening credits? 1.6.2) What are the Dead Sea Scrolls? 1.6.3) What does NERV mean? 1.6.4) Where did the motto for NERV come from? 1.6.5) What does "Seele" mean? 1.6.6) What does "Gehirn" mean? 1.6.7) Who are the Magi? 1.6.8) What is the Spear of Longinus? (was 5.6) 1.6.9) Who is Adam, Eve and Lillith? 1.6.10) What is the seven eyed logo? 1.6.11) What is Marduk?

--

Section 1. General information about the series.

1.0) Story Background.

On September 13, AD2000, a disaster later known as the Second Impact strikes the earth. A large explosion at the South Pole said to be caused by a meteor melted the ice caps, causing the sea level to rise and the earth's axis to tilt, and causing the death of two billion of the world's population in the aftermath.

In the year 2015, an unknown object approaches Tokyo-3. At the same time Ikari Shinji was called to this city by his father after a long separation. {...}

1.0.1) What does "Shin Seiki Evangelion" translate as?

Literally, it translates as "The Gospel of a New Century". However Gainax has used its discretion to name the English title "Neon Genesis Evangelion", which is a combination of three Greek words. "Euangelos" is the Greek word for Gospel, composed of "eu" (good) and "angelos" (news).

1.1) Tell me about Genesis 0:0, 26 TV episodes, and the two movies.

The canon of Evangelion is the 26 episodes of its TV series. There was also a videotape, Genesis 0:0, {which is a promotion of the series}. A movie "Evangelion: Death and Rebirth" was released March 1997, and another one "The End of Evangelion" was released July 1997.

The director's cut of "Death (True)" and "Rebirth" was shown on Japanese satellite TV (JSB), 2 January, 1998, from 10:10pm to 12 midnight.

A new movie, "Revival", was released on March 7th, 1998, and includes a re-edited version of the "Death" sequence of the first movie "(True)" (second edit), and comprises of all three segments ("Death (True)", "Rebirth" and "End".)

Special screenings of "Death", "Death/True^2 Air Magokoro Kimi Ne" was shown on July 24-30, 1999.

In addition, the Red Cross Book (RCB) lists a glossary of terms as used in the series and films, and claims to be the final explanation of the secrets and mysteries of Evangelion. (See 5.8) for a list of the definitions given in the RCB.)

1.1a) What are the different versions of the films?

Death & Rebirth (March 1997): Original theatrical motion picture; Death is a retelling of the first 24 TV episodes with augumented animation. Rebirth is an original feature, which chronicles events directly following episode 24.

End of Evangelion (July 1997): Original theatrical motion picture, which chronicles events directly following Rebirth. It is divided into two sections, "Air" and "Magokoro Wo, Kimi Ni".

Death (True) and Rebirth (January 1998): Japanese satellite broadcast. Death (True) is a second edit of the original Death feature.

Revival (March 1998): Theatrical motion picture compiling all three segments, the first segment being a second condesation of the first 24 episodes, the second and third being Revival and End.

1.1.1) What is "Genesis 0:0"

The tape is filled with video images of the art design for the series. There are eight parts to the tape, each describing different art designs, such as characters, mecha, etc. It is intended to be an introduction to the series.

1.2) Who are the characters?

The description are mostly from the character description of the film books. (Heights are estimations, and are not derived from any reliable source.)

 Character              Description            Seiyuu/Voice     First
                                                  Actor       Appearance
                                                                (Ep.)
Ikari Shinji  The main character. "Third       Ogata Megumi       1
              Children". Pilot of Evangelion
              Unit 1 (EVA-01). His mother
              died when he was young, and he
              has also been living apart
              from his father for 10 years.
              Was asked suddenly by his
              father to come to Tokyo-3, and
              thrust into the position of
              pilot. 14 years old (2nd year
              Japanese middle school).
              Height approx. 4' 9"
Ayanami Rei   "First Children". Pilot of       Hayashibara        1
              Evangelion Unit 0 (EVA-00).      Megumi
              Was trained specifically for
              this since the early phase of
              the project. Was heavily
              injured in an accident during
              development and is still in
              cast and bandages in TV ep.1.
              Silent and do not seem to
              express her emotions. 14 years
              old (2nd year Japanese middle
              school).
              Height approx. 4' 7"
Souryuu       "Second Children". Pilot of      Miyamura           8
Asuka         Evangelion Unit 2 (EVA-02).      Yuko
Langley       Has both Japanese and German
              blood, but her nationality is
              American. Decisive and
              competitive. A Genius who has
              graduated from university the
              year before the TV series.
              Height approx. 5' 5"
Ikari         Commander of NERV, an            Tatsuki            1
(Rokubungi)   organisation under the United    Fumihiko
Gendou        Nations that exists for the
              purpose of investigating /
              researching / annihilating
              the beings called "Angels".
              Also responsible for the
              development of the
              Evangelions. Father of Ikari
              Shinji. Very secretive. 48
              years old.
              Height approx. 5' 7-8"
Fuyutsuki     NERV's second-in-command.        Kiyokawa           1?
Kouzou        Commands NERV when Gendou is     Motomu
              away. 10 years older than
              Gendou, and has known him from
              his university days.
Katsuragi     NERV HQ Tactics-Operations       Mitsuishi          1
Misato        Dept. Operation Office Sect 1,   Kotono
              Section-Chief.           
              The immediate superior of   
              Shinji, and also his guardian
              and housemate. 29 years old.
              Captain at the beginning of the   
              series, later promoted to
              Major.
              Height approx. 5' 3"
Akagi         Head of the Evangelion           Yamaguchi          1
Ritsuko       development project. Has known   Yuriko
              Misato since both were
              students. A beautiful lady who
              is cool and intellectual. As a
              scientist she is very capable
              but sometimes comes across
              being {detached and
              unsympathetic}. Collects
              little cat toys as a hobby. 30
              years old.
Ibuki Maya    MAGI operator, 2nd lieutenant.   Nagasawa (*
              As somebody on                   Miki
              rec.arts.anime.misc once said,
              "best identified by the line
              'Dame desu!' (It doesn't work!
              We can't!)".
Hyuuga        NERV Bridge Operator, lieutenant Yuuki Hiro (*
Makoto        Seems to have some sort of
              attraction to Misato.
Aoba Shigeru  NERV Bridge Operator             Koyasu   
              Plays the guitar.                Takehito
Kaji Ryouji   classmate of Misato and Ritsuko  Yamadera   
              in the University of Tokyo-2.    Kouichi
              He had lived together with 
              Misato in their university life.
              He is also a double-spy of 
              SEELE and Japanese Government.
              His position is Special 
              Investigation Department of 
              NERV, and Inquiry Section of the 
              Department of Interior of Japan.
Suzuhara      At first a bully to Shinji, he   Seki   
Touji         becomes Shinji's best friend.    Tomokazu
Aida Kensuke  A military otaku, he and Touji   Iwanaga   
              become Shinji's best friends     Tetsuya
Horaki        Class President; Asuka's best    Iwao Junko   
Hikari        friend; looks down on Touji and
              Kensuke.
Pen Pen       Described as a "warm-weather"    Hayashibara   
              penguin, Pen-Pen shares          Megumi        
              Misato's apartment with Shinji
              and Asuka.
Nagisa Kaoru  Born, September 13, AD2000, the  Ishida Akira   
              Fifth children.
Ikari Yui     Shinji's mother. Disappeared in  Hayashibara   
              an accident when Shinji was      Megumi
              young.
Akagi Naoko   Ritsuko's mother.  Created the   Doi Mika 
              MAGI Super-computer system.
girl A                                         Miyamura
                                               Yuko
announce                                       Hiramatsu
                                               Akiko
Keel Lorentz                                   Mugihito
soldier                                        Nishimura
                                               Tomomichi
soldier                                        Ugaki
                                               Hidenari
soldier                                        Naka Hiroshi
couple in                                      Miyamura
theater                                        Yuko
couple in                                      Nagano
theater                                        Hirokazu
Tokita                                         Ohtsuka
Shirou                                         Yoshitada
O.T.R.                                         Nishimura
Admiral                                        Tomomichi
nurse                                          Matsushita
                                               Miyuki
Asuka's                                        Seki
father                                         Toshihiko
Asuka's                                        Kawamura
mother                                         Maria
Kyoko Langley
female                                         Katsuki
doctor                                         Masako
professor                                      Ohyama
                                               Yutaka
Seele                                          Seki
                                               Tomokazu
committee                                      Ishino
member                                         Ryuuzou

1.3) The EVAs.

Evangelions are artificial beings created as versatile weapons against Angels. They are piloted from "Entry plugs" situated in the EVAs' backbones. A pilot needs to synchronise with an EVA in order to pilot it. The EVAs' origin is part of the main plot of the series. Their approximate height is about 40m and weight 700 Imperial tons (estimation only- no factual evidence.)

    Unit                   Description              Pilot          Owner
Evangelion     Prototype. Orange in color. Went     Ayanami Rei    NERV
Unit 0         berserk a few days before Shinji
(EVA-00)       arrived in ep.1, and heavily
Japan built    injured Rei. Heavily damaged during
               events in ep.6. Repaired and
               upgraded to EVA-00' afterwards.
               EVA-00 has one eye 
Evangelion     "Kai" means "modified". Blue in      Ayanami Rei    NERV
Unit 0 kai     color. After severe damage during
(EVA-00')      events in ep.6, armor was
Japan built    completely rebuilt in blue color,
               added shoulder blades (for battle
               configration), and status was also
               upgraded from ProtoType to
               TestType.  EVA-00' has one eye 
Evangelion     Test type. Purple in color. Seems    Ikari Shinji   NERV
Unit 1         to have some mysterious
(EVA-01)       characteristic lacking in the other
Japan built    EVAs. Only EVA known to restart
               after total power failure, reason
               unknown. Only EVA to have success-
               fully have had an Dummy Plug oper-
               ating inside it. Also carries 
               various other systems that 
               Production Models lack.  EVA-01
               has two eyes 
Evangelion     Red in color (same as the plug suit  Soryu Asuka    NERV
Unit 2         of its pilot). First production      Langley
(EVA-02)       model, designed in Japan, built in 
German built   Germany, but transported to Tokyo-3 
               at Gendou's request. EVA-02 has 4 eyes
Evangelion     Second Production Model, built in    Not revealed   NERV
Unit 3         the US. After EVA-04's accident US   until ep.18.
(EVA-03)       handed its control over to NERV
US built       Japan.
Evangelion     Third Production Model, built in     unknown /      NERV
Unit 4         the US. During its test, EVA-04's    unassigned
(EVA-04)       S2 Engine, which was restored in 
US built       German and was installed in EVA-04 
               caused it to *sink* into the Sea of 
               Dirac, taking everything within
               its 100mile radius; the cause 
               unknown.   
Evangelion     Mass Production model EVA units,     Not revealed   SEELE
Unit 5-13      built in various places of the world until End of
(EVA-05 -      (SEELE member countries; see 3.9)    Evangelion
EVA-13)        Has some design change from older
               EVAs.

1.4) The Angels.

If Unit One is credited with a kill, that means that it was not under Shinji's control at the time. People who are credited with an assist, that means they made significant progress toward defeating the angel.

Order Name Episode

The First Angel: Adam Intro, episode 12

   "The first human"
   Misato sees mysterious illuminating figure, just before
   Second Impact of year 2000, also rumoured that EVA series
   are clone of First Angel; the silhoutte of the First Angel
   appears to be like EVA-01.  

The Second Angel: ??? ???

   (Unknown; some speculate that the mysterious wing like
   figure that apears during second impact is the second Angel;
   another source places the Second Angel in the US as the 
   subject of research; as yet unproven.)  

The Third Angel: Sachiel Episode 1

   "Angel of Water"
   Defeated by Unit One.
   Humanoid angel, first angel to shown in the TV series uses
   illuminating spikes<?> for close combat attack Self
   destructs itself after it was beaten by EVA-01

The Fourth Angel: Shamshiel Episode 3

   "Angel of the Sun"
   Defeated by Shinji.
   Has ability to fly <but no wings>, looks like a giant
   insect, uses light tentacles as weapons

The Fifth Angel: Ramiel Episode 5-6

   "Angel of Thunder"
   Defeated by Shinji, assisted by Rei.
   Shaped like Giant diamond, semi-transparent <or fully
   transparent> Uses very powerful particle beam as weapons, it
   also has drill-like appendage to drill its way into the
   GeoFront.

The Sixth Angel: Gagiel Episode 8

   "Angel of Fish"
   Defeated by Shinji and Asuka, assisted by the UN Fleet.
   Only known water-dwelling angel, attacks UN fleet on route
   to Japan, It doesn't have special weapons, as it generally
   use ramming and biting as its weapons.

The Seventh Angel: Israphel Episode 9

   "Angel of music"
   Defeated by Shinji and Asuka.
   Looks similar to third angel, however it has the ability to
   divide itself into self-functioning halves.  It appears to
   have a weak AT Field; it was temporarily disabled by a N2
   mine.

The Eighth Angel: Sandalphon Episode 10

   "Angel of Embryos"
   Defeated by Asuka, assisted after the fact by Shinji.
   First discovered as embryo by Volcano research team, NERV
   tries capture this angel, however it manages to "grow" to
   break the cage.  Has the ability to survive in extreme
   temperature and pressure.

The Ninth Angel: Matriel Episode 11

   "Angel of Rain"
   Defeated by Shinji, assisted by Asuka and Rei.
   Spider-like appearance, it secretes acid like substance from
   eye that can melt steel, and even EVA armor

The Tenth Angel: Tzachquiel Episode 12

   "Angel of the Sky"
   Defeated by Asuka, greatly assisted by Shinji and Rei.
   First discovered orbiting Earth, it tries to orbital-skydive
   all the way down to surface, dropping bombs, then self
   destruct.

The Eleventh Angel: Iroul Episode 13

   "Angel of Fear"
   Defeated by Ritsuko, assisted by Maya.
   Computer Virus Angel, first discovered as contamination in
   test body, it manages to hack itself into MAGI computer
   core, in order to compel MAGI to set Self Destruct sequence.
   It appears to be able to evolve exponentially.  

The Twelfth Angel: Leriel Episode 16

   "Angel of Night"
   Defeated by Unit One.
   It uses giant sphere like thing as decoy, when its target is
   lured, it creates void 650m in diameter yet only 3 nano
   meters thick, absorbing whatever is on it.  The void is 
   described as the "Sea of Dirac".  

The Thirteenth Angel: Bardiel Episode 18

   "Angel of Hail"
   Defeated by Unit One, under the control of the Dummy Plug.    
   Its real form is rather unknown, however it manages to take
   over EVA-03 when it is passed through a cloud.

The Fourteenth Angel: Zeruel Episode 19

   "Angel of Might"
   Defeated by Unit One, assisted by Shinji.
   Very powerful Angel, with enough power to blast through 18
   of 21 armor of Geofront, it also has folded sheet metal like
   appendages that it uses to cut/attack in close proximity, it
   nearly destroys NERV base

The Fifteenth Angel: Arael Episode 22

   "Angel of Birds"
   Defeated by Rei.
   Another orbital angel, rather then attacking NERV
   base/EVA's, it targets EVA pilots.  It attempts to psy-link
   with Asuka, and as result Asuka gets Psychological Shock

The Sixteenth Angel: Almisael Episode 23

   "Angel of the Womb"
   Defeated by Rei.
   First discovered looking like Ring of light, it doesn't have
   definite shape it tries to physically takeover EVA-00 and
   its pilot.

The Seventeenth Angel: Tablis Episode 24

   "Angel of Free Will"
   Defeated by Shinji.
   Shinji finds a new friend after just everyone moves away, he
   gets very close to him, later he takes over EVA-02 <in
   remote control> and reaches Terminal Dogma.  He's also known
   as Nagisa Kaworu (Karou, Kaoru), or the Fifth children

The Eighteenth Angel: Lilim Episode 1-26

   Mankind is the 18th Angel called Lilim, born from Lilith,
   the source of life.

1.5) Timeline

[Some birthdates are estimations; these dates are marked with question marks]

April 9 1957

Fuyutsuki Kouzou born

April 29 1967

Rokubungi Gendou born

1974

Kyoko (Asuka's mother) born

1977

Ikari Yui born

June 17 1984

Kaji Ryouji born in this period

November 21 1985

Akagi Ritsuko born

December 8 1986

Katsuragi Misato born

February 13 1990?-95?

Hyuuga Makoto born in this period

May 5 1990?-95?

Aoba Shigeru born in this period

July 11 1991

Ibuki Maya born in this period

1999

Fuyutsuki Kouzou teaches Ikari Yui at Kyoko University; meets Rokubungi Gendou.

[Gendou marries Yui, takes "Ikari" as family name. Yui and Gendou join HUMAN COMPLEMENTATION PROJECT.]

2000

September 13 2000- The Second Impact

Experiments in the Antarctic of the "reduction" of a foreign life form causes the accidental and sudden melting of the Antarctic ice fields. As a result 2 billion people are killed by the flooding of coastal regions all over the world.

[Katsuragi Misato only? survivor of Antarctic base destruction. Rescued by returning Gendou and Kouzou.]

September 13 2000

Nagisa Kaworu born (Fifth Children)

September 15 2000

An armed conflict occurs at the border of India-Pakistan.

September 20 2000

Tokyo annihilated by new type of bomb, the N2.

2001

Feburary 14 2001

"Peace Treaty of Valentine" ends disputes.

Feburary 18 2001

Horaki Hikari born

June 6 2001

Ikari Shinji born

September 12 2001

Aida Kensuke born

December 4 2001

Soryu Asuka Langley Zeppelin born

December 26 2001

Suzuhara Touji born

2002

UN explains Second Impact as a meteorite collision.

2003

GEHIRN formed to study ramifications and effects of research leading up to and following Second Impact. Kouzou, Dr. Akagi Naoko join Gehirn. Gehirn builds research facilities in what is presumably Tokyo-3(?). Project E has now started. The research facilities is a front for Gehrin and work begins in the Geo Front for what is to be the future NERV headquarters. Dr. Akagi develops MAGI super-computer system.

2004

Yui lost in Contact Experiment accident.

2005

Asuka Langley confirmed as Evangelion Pilot.

Kyoko commits suicide after unexplained incident. Asuka's father remarries.

Katsuragi Misato and Akagi Ritsuko meet in Tokyo-2 at the cafeteria in Tokyo-2 University. Shortly after, Misato and Kaji meet and she cohabits with him.

[Ikari Shinji fostered out by his father.]

2007

UN Headquarters moves to Tokyo-2.

2008

Dr. Akagi finishes programming the logic processes for MAGI. Ritsuko joins Gehrin.

2009

Misato and Kaji join Gehirn.

2010

Rei Ayanami introduced.

Dr. Akagi commits suicide after completion of Magi project. Gehirn dissolved, NERV created to continue Gehirn's work, with new charter.

2012

[The last meeting between Ikari Shinji and Ikari Gendou prior to current events.]

2014

Asuka graduates from university.

[Rei and Asuka trained as Evangelion pilots; Rei takes seven months to be fully synchronised.]

2015

[The present day; current events as outlined 1-24]

[The 2015/6 Timeline Project]

Day a - Start of episode 1. Day b - Start of episode 3. Day c - Not used. Day d - Start of episode 5. Day e - Start of episode 7. Day f - Episode 8, when the gang lands on the "Over the

                 Rainbow."

x - Used to indicate unknowness. x is undefined, even in an expression. (x+x != 2*x (actually, the truth

                 value of this is undefined).

i[n] - The value of i[n] is an unknow constant. So, i[1] == i[1] is always true.


Day a-1 Day d-22 - Rei's accident occurs.

   Most probably, Rei's accident occurs one day before the
   start of the series.

Jun 6, 2015 - The earliest possible date for day a. Shinji turns

                 14 on this day, and Shinji is introduced in several
                 places as a fourteen year old. 
                 ***find some places***

Day a. - Episode 1 occurs. - Episode 2 begins.

   2a. Shinji seems to be out for a night, waking up the next day. 
   2b. On a+1, Gendou mentions that Rei will be able to pilot the 

evangelion again in 20 days.

Day a+1. - Episode 2 ends.


Day a+9. - The earliest possible date of day b. (see 3a.)

Day b. - Episode 3 begins.

   3a. Misato claims that the angels gave them "only three weeks"
       between attacks, this time. 9 days is the shortest one could
       have and still claim to be "three weeks."

Day b. - Episode 3 ends.

Day a+13. - The latest possible date of day b. (see 3a, 4a, 4b.)

Day b+5. - Episode 4 begins.

   4a. Misato claims that Shinji has missed 5 days of school. She

strongly implies that the events of episode 3 are the cause of

       this.
   4b. Shinji sleeps overnight in Kensuke's tent. (Bringing us to day
       b+6).

Day b+6. - Episode 4 ends.

Day a+20. Day d+1. - Episode 5 begins.

   5a. Rei's accident occured 22 days ago. 
   5b. One day passes before Rei's piloting test. (Shinji, Ritsuko,

and Misato eat, Ritsuko gives Shinji the card. It seems that Shinji gives Rei the card the next day.) (This is d+1, or a+21)

Day a+21. Day d+1. - Episode 5 ends. - Episode 6 begins.

   6a. Operation Yashima begins at midnight, meaning it occurs on

day d+2 (a+22).

Day a+22. Day d+2. - Episode 6 ends.


Day e. - Episode 7 begins.

   7a. On the first day, Misato visits Shinji's school.
   7b. On the second day (e+1), Misato and Shinji stop the JA.
   7c. On the third day (e+2), Misato and Shinji eat breakfast.

Day e+2. - Episode 7 ends.

Day f-i[0]-1. - Unit 02 leaves Sasebo port. (see 8a.) Day f-i[0]. - Episode 8 begins.

   8a. Gendou mentions Unit 02 leaving Sasebo "yesterday."
   8b. When the convoy is less than one day out, the gang
       choppers onto it. (Day f.)

Day f. - Episode 8 ends.

Aug 5, 2015 - Episode 9 begins.

   9a. Nerv predicts the next attack will occur "6 days
       later." Since that's Aug 11, the first attack must be on
       Aug 5. (Derived from 9b.)
   9b. Misato marks Aug 11, 2015 on the calender. Camera then
       pans to Aug 8, which I assume to be the current day, and also
       the day after the angel attack. (As a side note, the calender
       they are using isn't correct for 2015. It's either 2017, or 
       more likely 1995.)
   9c. Aug 11 is the day that was marked, so I assume it the day
       of the second battle.

Aug 11, 2015 - Episode 9 ends. -- 2015

[Events as portrayed by Death & Rebirth and End of Evangelion]

2016 (TV)

[The Human Complementation Project is executed]

1.6) Religious glossary

The definitions given here are references outside the TV series and motion pictures, and do not define them within them.

1.6.1) What is the tree-like image seen in the opening credits?

This is the Sephirotic System, devised by Athanasius Kirchner in 1653. A German priest, he studied the Kabbalah, a tome of Jewish mysticism, and created the diagram.

The Kabbalah appears to an influence in the conception of Evangelion. Meaning "tradition" in Hebrew, the Kabbalah is claimed to be the word of God, handed down to Adam and Moses, reveals the framework of God and the Creation (the Sephirotic System.)

1.6.2) What are the Dead Sea Scrolls?

The Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered by a shepherd in a cave in Israel, about 1947. They appear to be the earliest records of Jewish scripture. They were kept secret by the Jordanian and Israeli governments until about twenty years ago, when photographs of the scrolls were leaked. Now all the scrolls have been studied and translated and published in an English edition.

Reasons why the scrolls were kept secret vary, but a likely explanation is that the scrolls' contents, written by a Jewish sect after the time of Jesus Christ, may have conflicted with sections of the New Testament.

The following text is contributed by Charles King:

-- The Dead Sea Scrolls were the product of a small Jewish sect living near the village of Qumran on the western shore of the Dead Sea around the time of Christ. The Scrolls were first discovered by a shepherd in 1947, but additional scrolls continued to be unearthed for the next ten years. As the area came under the control of Jordan after the Israeli war of independence, the scrolls came to be concentrated in the Jordanian Archaeological Museum, where the task of editing them was given to a group of scholars known as the International Team, led by de Vaux. Although publication of the scrolls began in the 1950s, its progress was extremely slow, largely because of the magnitude of the task and lack of funds. At the same time, some editors made unfounded speculations concerning the implications of the scrolls for Christianity, based on the inaccurate assumption that the Qumran sect was related to the early Christian church.

After the six-day war of 1967, the scrolls fell into the hands of the Israeli authorities, who maintianed the status quo with regard to control of the texts. By 1990, matters had reached a head, with many interantional scholars demanding full publications of the scrolls. After a couple of scholars released a partial reconstruction based on a concordance, the Huntingdon library of San Marino, California released a set of microfilms it had which had been deposited in the library back in the 1950s. Soon afterwards further photographs appeared from an anonymous source, and finally, in 1991, the Israeli government released a full set of high-quality photographs.

Although there may still be a few very minor fragments left untranslated, the vast bulk of the scrolls is available in English translation in various editions. -- Text by Charles King <king at axon.rutgers.edu>

1.6.3) What does NERV mean?

"Nerv" is German for "nerve".

1.6.4) Where did the motto for NERV come from?

"God's in his Heaven, All's well with the world" is taken from a poem by Robert Browning (1812-89), "Pippa Passes", Part 1 1.222.

1.6.5) What does "Seele" mean?

"Seele" is German for "soul"

1.6.6) What does "Gehirn" mean?

"Gehirn" is German for "brain"

1.6.7) Who are the Magi?

The Magi are the so-called three wise men from the East, who came to worship the baby Jesus in Bethlehem, following a star that pointed to the place where they could find him. (Matthew 2.1-12) Folklore names the three wise men as Balthasar, Casper and Melchior.

In addition, the Magi also held a high advisory position to the Persian Emperor, during the reign of Cyrus and Cambyses.

1.6.8) What is the Spear of Longinus? (was 5.6)

This is the spear that pierced the side of Christ at the Crucifixion, the wound from which blood and water poured out. Folklore names the soldier that wielded the spear as Longinus.

Like the Holy Grail, the Spear is fabled to wield magical powers, such as the ability to grant victory to anyone who holds it. An Arthurian legend tells about the quest of one of Arthur's knights to find the Spear. It is said that Adolf Hitler was interested in the legend of the Spear (which was held in a museum in Austria.)

1.6.9) Who is Adam, Eve and Lillith?

Adam (man) was the final creation of God, "in his image". Eve (woman) was created to be a companion to Adam, from a piece of Adam's rib. Lillith, according to Jewish folklore, was the first companion of Adam, but would not obey him, and was exiled from the Garden of Eden ("East of Eden"). She apparently became the wife of Cain (son of Adam, who killed his brother, Abel), and gave birth to demons.

The following text is excepted from the Encyclopaedia Americana:

       "LILITH, lil'lith, a female demon with origins in
       Babylonian, Jewish, and Muslim folklore.  In one
       tradition she was the first wife of Adam, with
       whom she claimed equality because they were
       created together.  She refused to serve Adam and
       was expelled from Eden before God created Eve."
      "Lilith was believed to be the queen of demons
       and Satan's consort.  From her unions with [Satan],
       or, in other accounts, with Adam, evil spirits
       were born . . . In the guise of a beautiful woman
       she had intercourse with men and gave birth to demons."

The following text is supplied by <Johnfav at aol.com>

Recently I came across Lilith:- the "Black Moon" in my research, I'd like to bring it up. Interestingly, we can see that Anno only used what he found from various historical records or knowledge for his creation of EVA world, which also proves that, for instance, Evangelion cannot interpret too much by following one direction or approach such as religions- the quite common approach for viewers to define or explain various things in Evangelion.

Now this is what I've found:-

Lilith, the "black moon", may well be a fiction. It has, after all, only been seen by a few observers and that was in 1618 and 1700. In his Astrologie lunaire, Alexandre Volguine, the founder of the Cahiers astrologiques, studied the influence of Lilith, the "black moon", second satellite of the Earth. Certain astrologers put the occurence of the First World War down to its influence.

>From this, it is not hard to see that, Anno quite surely did came across the "Black Moon" and the mystical name "Lilith" was used in here. Then Anno delibrately called that white giant in terminal dogma "Lilith", and area surrounded it is called "Black Moon", which is the egg of Lilith. based on this assumption, Anno can be said that he was inspired by this piece of astrological fact, and coincidently, he also knew that the name "Lilith" is also a mystical being dated back the time of Genesis, the first wife of Adam and later exiled from Eden. So that, with all this background and cross-over of "Lilith", which forms a fundamental infra-structure for the background of NGE.

Again, Lilith:- the Black Moon, and Lilith:- the first wife of Adam, are two separate, independent, unrelated sources.

1.6.10) What is the seven eyed logo?

It is apparently the "seven eyes of God."

In Revelations, Chapter 5, Verse 6:

And I saw, standing midway between the throne and the four living beings and among the elders, a Lamb as if it had been sacrificed. It had seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God dispatched over the whole earth.

(version from the Bible, Gideons edition, published 1976.)

1.6.11) What is Marduk?

Marduk is a Babylonian god. According to Babylonian legend, the first human being was created by mixing Marduk's blood with clay.

The following text is supplied by Stefano Brondi <bab at bab.net>

Marduk is the son of Apsu and Tiamat, the two primordial beings on the Babylonian legend. Apsu was the water and void spirit, and Tiamat the sea and chaos spirit, with the shape of a dragon's shape.

Marduk became the champion of all Gods born by the primordial beings after Apsu was killed by one of Marduk's evil brothers. This caused Tiamat to go crazy. The enormous dragon started to generate scorpion men, demoniac lions, enormous serpents and shining dragons.

To stop her, Marduk took with him a net, a clave, poison (fiala), a bow, arrows and a bag of lightning bolts. He used a chariot pulled by four horses and followed the four winds and a strong tornado.

He captured Tiamat and he cut out her heart and decapitated her. He cut her veins and he divided her body in two parts. From one of these parts he moulded the sky and from the other he moulded the earth. In the sky Marduk raised a shelter for the Gods, and installed the moon and all stars as guardians of time. With one of Tiamat son's blood he made human beings to serve Gods.


EVA FAQ ver.0.6.3 Written by Stephen Lee. Edited by Widya Santoso. Last revised November 5, 1999.

EVA FAQ version 0.6.3

New information delinated with "(*"

Contents

Section 2. About EVA's production.

2.0) Gainax, the company that produced it. 2.0A) Is Gainax being investigated by the Japanese Taxation Office?

     Is it because of tax fraud?

2.1) The sponsors. 2.2) Main Production Staff. 2.3) When was Evangelion first broadcast? 2.3.1) What is so special about the beginning date of broadcast? 2.4) Who is Anno Hideaki? 2.4.1) What is Anno Hideaki's next project? 2.5) ? 2.6) Who are the voice actors and what other roles have they played? 2.6.1) Who are the English voice actors? 2.7) About the songs. 2.7.0) How many versions of Zankoku na Tenshi no THESE are there? 2.7.1) What are the words to Zankoku na Tenshi no THESE

      (The cruel angel's thesis)? 

2.7.1.1) What does "TE-SE" mean, anyway? 2.7.2) Why are the endings different for each episode? 2.7.3) How many different versions of "Fly me to the moon" are there? 2.7.4) But there are only 26 TV episodes! 2.7.5) Can you tell me which version is used for which episode? 2.7.6) Who are the singers? 2.7.7) What are the differences between versions? 2.7.8) What are the differences between Rei's versions? 2.7.9) What are the words to Tamashii no Refrain? 2.7.10) What are the lyrics to Emergency Evacuation to Regression? 2.7.11) What are the lyrics to Thanatos- If I Can't Be Yours? 2.8) Why are there two subtitles (Japanese and English) for each

    episode?

2.9) Specific information about some episode's subtitles. 2.10) Episode list {subtitles, TV air date, staff and ending

     information}.

2.11) How can I see the TV series/Films? 2.11.1) Will AD Vision change episodes 25 and 26? 2.11.1A) Will Manga Entertainment release the films? (* 2.11.2) Will MTV broadcast Evangelion? 2.11.3A) Will the Japanese release of Genesis 0:11 have extra scenes? 2.11.3B) Will the AD Vision release of Genesis 0:11 include these scenes? 2.11.4A) Will the Japanese release of Genesis 0:12 have extra scenes? 2.11.5) Has Evangelion been seen in the US in DVD format? 2.11.6) Will Australian TV broadcast Evangelion? 2.11.7) Have the eyecatches (or titles) at the centre of each episode released in Great Britain and Australasia been edited out?

--

Section 2. About EVA's production.

2.0) Gainax, the company that produced it.

Gainax was founded in December, 1984 by Hirouyuki Yamaga, Hideaki Anno, Toshio Okada. It produced The Wings of Honneamise (film), Nadia of the Mysterious Seas/The secret of Blue Water (TV), Over the top!/Gunbuster" (OAV), "Otaku No Video" (OAV). Honneasmise was sponsored by Bandai, which hoped to create a merchandising market using the film. Costing 800 million yen, the film was instead a failure, taking eight years to recoup Bandai's investment. Nadia was broadcast in 1990 on NHK. It then took {how much time} off, and made the Princess Maker series of games. Evangelion is their "returning to anime" work.

2.0A) Is Gainax being investigated by the Japanese Taxation Office?

     Is it because of tax fraud?

Yes. In July 1998 investigators from the Japanese Taxation office raided Gainax's offices and the residence of Gainax's president Yamaga. In November 1998 Japanese newspapers reported that Gainax performed tax fraud by transferring funds to other companies, labelling it as different kinds of fees, and then secretly re-depositing it. Gainax appears to have been fined heavily. Newspaper reports specifically listed Gainax as the author of Neon Genesis Evangelion, the cult TV series.

2.1) The sponsors.

Sega Enterprise (the video/console game company) and Kadokawa Shoten (publisher) sponsored the production of EVA. This is probably why the EVA video games to date has only been published on the Sega Saturn. Kadokawa publishes a monthly anime magazine NewType that has quite a lot of EVA coverage, and it also publishes the EVA manga (in the monthly magazine Monthly Shonen A (Ace)) and several EVA books.

2.2) Main Production Staff.

2.3) When was Evangelion first broadcast?

Evangelion began broadcast weekly on October 4, 1995, and concluded March 27, 1996. TV Tokyo broadcast the series at 7pm.

2.3.1) What is so special about the beginning date of broadcast?

It began broadcasting at the end of Yom Kippur, the Jewish Day of Atonement and Divine Judgement; whether that was a deliberate scheduling is unclear, as Evangelion was meant to premiere northern Spring, 1995.

2.4) Who is Anno Hideaki?

Anno Hideaki is the director and writer of Neon Genesis Evangelion. Born 22 May, 1960, he grew up a huge general live action SF movies and TV fan, specialising in Ultraman. In 1981 he joined Akai Takami and Yamaga Hiroyuki in creating the cult Daicon III video, supervising the main animation. The next year he joined Artland and worked on the TV series "Superdimensional Fortress Macross". He was an animation director and chief mecha designer for Gainax's landmark film, "Wings of Honneamise" (1987). His first sole director credit was the OAV series "Top o Nerai Gunbuster" (1988), which he followed up with the successful "Fushigi no Umi no Nadia" (1990), both which he co-wrote.

2.4.1) What is Anno Hideaki's next project?

His most recent new project, "Love and Pop", is a live action film drama about the so-called "school-girl" prostitution trade, or "enjou kousai." School girls, in order to obtain the latest fashions and fads, have become prostitutes to earn the money to purchase such items. The film follows the day in the life of a fifteen year old girl who wants to purchase an expensive ring.

Gainax is airing a new TV series in the northern Autumn, 1998. Based on the shoujo manga "Kareshi Kanojo no Jijou" (His and Her Reasons), by Masami Tsuda, Anno Hideaki is slated as director. The manga is serialised in "Monthly Lala", and four volumes of compilations have been published.

2.5) ?

2.6) Who are the voice actors and what other roles have they played?

Shinji: Ogata Megumi Other roles: Kurama (Yu Yu Hakusho), Ten-o Haruka (Uranus in Sailormoon), Princess Emeraude and Eagle Vision (Magic Knights Rayearth), Juliana (Megami Paradise)

Misato: Mitsuishi Kotono Other roles: Usagi (Sailor Moon), Asuka (New Century GPX Cyber Formula), Satsuki (X), Mink (Dragon Half), Koume Sawaguchi (Blue Seed), Kyoko (Rival Schools: United by Fate)

Rei: Hayashibara Megumi Other roles: Momiji (Blue Seed), Ranma-chan (Ranma 1/2), Lina Inverse (Slayers), Musashi (Pokemon), Nuku Nuku/(Natsume Atsuko) (Super Cat Girl Nuku Nuku), Saeki Tomoko (DNA^2), Achika (Tenchi Muyou {in Love})

Asuka: Miyamura Yuuko Other roles: Sakaki Shihoko (Battle Skipper), Angel Daisy (Wedding Peach), Mari-chan (Boku no Marii), Utako Ohkawa (CLAMP Campus Detectives), Seung Mina (Soul Edge/Soul Blade)

Ritsuko: Yamaguchi Yuriko Other roles: Onna B (Cho-Kuchiseninariisou), Kojiro (Happy Birthday Kojiro, a puppet show), Roo (Montana Jones), Kachusha (Wedding Peach)

Touji: Seki Tomokazu Other roles: Shirou Kamui (X), Van Fanel (Escaflowne), Sanosuke (Ruroni Kenshin CD book), Chichiri (Fushigi Yugi), Male Maze (Maze), Eiji (Battle Arena Toshinden), Gai Daikouji and Tsukuro Shiratori (Nadesico)

Kensuke: Iwanaga Tetsuya Other roles: Mizuhara Makoto (El Hazard), Eib Green (Ashita he Free Kick), Kuro (3-chome no Tama), Hatto/Maskman (Jungle King Ta-chan), Ohyama Daisuke (Goal FH), SuperStarMan (LuckyMan), Ryuria (Orguss 02), TV Anounncer (Dirty Pair Flash), Rich (X-Men), RPG Densetsu Hepoi [Debut]

Fuyutsuki: Kiyokawa Motomu Other roles: Temu Rei (Gundam), Egami (City Hunter), Hino-sensei (Chinpui), Gaugoiru (Nadia), Gureison (Cyber Formula), Mikamura-hakase (G Gundam)

Gendou: Tachiki Fumihiko Other roles: Maito (L'Gaim), Kigunan (Z Gundam), Mashu (Lupin III Hemmingway Paper), Pitcher (Secret Garden), Tsukasa Motoichi (Tetsujin 28FX), Goal Dofuddo (Iron Leaguer), Gerumar (DevilMan), Buchiyama (Patlabor the Movie), Leonharuto (Area 88), Masukani (Legend of Galactic Heroes), Nakama Tooru (Be-bop High School), Tomoyasu (Giant Robo), Officer (NukuNuku), Yashima's Secretary (Humming Bird), Rida (Please Save My Earth), Mimizuku no Ryu (Gatchaman), Uri Roto (Bastard!), also appears in many live action movie directed by Oshii Mamoru

Kaji: Yamadera Koichi Other roles: Ryoga (Ranma 1/2), Kagetsu (Shamanic Princess), Togusa (Ghost in the Shell), Tenshinhan (DBZ), Guide (Ranma 1/2), Karamaru (Pizza Cats), Wataribe Kurama (Wataru 2), Eaton (Nadia), Owner of bakery (Kiki's Delivery Services), Merosu (Merosu), Fargo (BGC), Yuta (Mermaid's Forrest), Aningu (Orguss 02), Nachi (Compiler), Torbadour (Ah My Goddess), Daigo (Rival Schools: United by Fate), Marty (Back to Future [Michael J Fox]), (48 Hours [Eddie Murphy]), (Born On The Fourth Of July [Tom Cruise]), (Hot Shot [Charlie Sheen]), {Malcolm X [Malcolm X]), (Rainman [Tom Cruise]), (Doc Hollywood [Michael J Fox])

Kaworu: Ishida Akira Other roles: Toya Kei (Mamalade Boy), Amano (Goal FH), Amatsumi (Yamato Takeru), Mizuno Koichi (Burrin), FishEye (Sailor Moon SuperS), Seiya (Ririka SOS)

Maya: Nagasawa Miki Other roles: Gure (Anpanman), Maria (Dakuon), Gomi (Kodocha), Pureshijon (Princess Minerva), Sakura (Key the Metal Idol).

Hikari: Iwao Junko Other roles: Kotori (X movie), Akane (Mahou Tsukai Tai) Melissa (Montana Jones [Debut]), Chitose (Cho-kuseninarisou), Sari (Macross 7), Key (Key the Metal Idol), Mayuka (Tenchi Muyo Manatsu no Eve)

Shigeru: Koyasu Takehito Other roles: Hotohori (Fushigi Yugi), Aburatsubo (Mahou Tsukai Tai), Yasha-oh Gai (Shurato), Tekkaman Evil/Shinya (Tekkaman Blade), Kayin (Toshiden), Seishiro (Tokyo Babylon), Young Yosho (Tenchi OVA), Moskiton (Master Moskiton).

Makoto: Yuuki Hiro (Real Name Tsuyusaki Teruhisa) Other roles: Leon (Shamanic Princess), Tapion (13th Dragonball movie), Shapura/Kira (DBZ), Robert (Jenny), Karuma (Mikan), Takeshi (3-chome no Tama), Kawata (MukaMuka Paradise), Toshiba (Motana Jones), Betto (Anpanman), Henry (Cyber Formula), Hiro (H2).

Keel Lorenz : Mugihito (real name Terada Makoto) Other roles: Police commissioner (Dr Slump), Prince Kanjeruman (Votoms), Rorufu (Southern Cross), Mitaka's Uncle (Maison Kikuko), General Mifune (Taylor), Pejite City Mayor (Nausicaa), Mendou's father (Urusei Yatsura 4), Kokuran (Legend of Galatic Heros), Jean Luc Picard (Star Trek: The Next Generation [Patrick Stewart]).

Akagi Naoko : Doi Mika Other roles: Momo's mother (Minky Momo), Hayase Misa (Macross), You's mother (Creamy Mami), Buke (Mospeada), Blue Blat (L'Gaim), Ensign Lana (Southern Cross), Mirin (Lady Rin), Queen Serenity (Sailor Moon), Anna (Ashita e no Free Kick), Reindebir (Wedding Peach), Designer's Sister (Kiki's Delivery Services), Fureia (Apple Seed), Azuki Toreishi (Hummingbird).

2.6.1) Who are the English voice actors?

Ikari Shinji: Spike Spencer Ayanami Rei: Amanda Winn Souryuu Asuka Langley: Tiffany Grant Katsuragi Misato: Allison Keith Akagi Ritsuko: Sue Ulu Ikari (Rokubungi) Gendou: Tristan MacAvery Fuyutsuki Kouzou: Guil Lunde Ibuki Maya: Kendra Benham Hyuuga Makoto: Brian Granveldt Aoba Shigeru: Jason Lee Kaji Ryouji: Aaron Krohn Suzuhara Touji: Joe Pisano Aida Kensuke: Kurt Stoll Horaki Hikari: Carol Amerson Ikari Yui: Kim Sevier Akagi Naoko: Laura Chapman Keel Lorentz: Richard Peeples

2.7) About the songs.

The capitalization may seem unconventional but I'm just trying to be faithful to the way they are presented on the CD case.

2.7.0) How many versions of Zankoku na Tenshi no THESE are there?

At least 6:

  * Main version
  * Director's Edit. Version
  * TV. Size Version
  * Director's Edit. Version II
  * AYANAMI Version
  * Female cast (Misato, Rei, Asuka) Version 

2.7.1) What are the words to Zankoku na Tenshi no THESE

      (The cruel angel's thesis)? 
    Zankoku na tenshi no youni shounen yo shinwa ni nare.
    
    Like a cruel angel, become a legend young man.
    
    Aoi kaze ga ima, mune no doa wo tataitemo, 
    Watashi dake wo tada mitsumete, hohoenderu anata.
    
    Although the blue winds are knocking on the door of the heart, 
    You are simply smiling and staring only at me.
    
    Sotto fureru mono, motomeru koto ni muchuu de, 
    Unmei sae mada shiranai, itaikena hitomi.
    
    Totally absorbed in seeking something that is gently shivering,
    And not even knowing your fate, you have baby-like eyes.
    
    Dakedo itsuka kizuku deshou, sono senaka niwa, 
    Haruka mirai mezasu tame no hane ga aru koto.
    
    However someday you'll probably realise
    On your back there are wings that make the future awaken.
    
    *Zankoku na tenshi no teeze, madobe kara yagate tobidatsu.
    Hotobashiru atsui patosu de, omoide wo uragiru nara. 
    Kono sora wo taite kagayaku, shounen yo shinwa ni nare.*
    
    *This is the thesis of a cruel angel,
    Soon you'll be flying away from the window.
    If you betray your memories by your gushing pathos, 
    You will hold the universe and shine.
    Become a legend young man.*
    
    Zutto nemutteru, watashi no ai no yurikago,
    Anata dake ga yume no shisha ni, yobareru asa ga kuru. 
    Aoi kubisuji wo tsukiakari ga utsushiteru.
    Sekaichuu no toki wo tomete, tojikometai kedo!
    
    Always sleeping in the cradle of my love,
    The morning comes when only you are called the messager of dreams.
    The moonlight shows the slender back of your neck.
    I wish I could stop and trap time in the entire world!
    
    Moshimo futari aeta koto ni, imi ga arunara, 
    Watashi wa sou jiyuu wo shiru tame no baiburu.
    
    If our meeting have a meaning,
    Then I am the bible that reveals this freedom.
    
    Zankoku na tenshi no teeze, kanashimi ga soshite hajimaru. 
    Takishimeta inochi no katachi, sono yume ni mezameta toki, 
    Dare yorimo hikari wo hanatsu, shounen yo shinwa ni nare.
    
    This is the thesis of a cruel angel,
    The sadness will begin with shape of the life that you embrace, 
    When you awake from that dream.
    Blaze brighter than anyone, become a legend yong man.
    
    Hito wa ai wo tsumugi nagara, rekishi wo tsukuru. 
    Megami nante nanenai mama, watashi wa ikiru.
    
    People make history as they weave their love. 
    If I cannot become something of a goddess,
    I am still alive.
    
    * repeat

(Translation by Patrick Yip <Patrick.Yip at ing-barings.com>)

2.7.1.1) What does "TE-SE" mean, anyway?

The Japanese characters "TE-SE" translate to the German "these", meaning "thesis" in English, according to JDIC, the electronic Japanese dictionary.

2.7.2) Why are the endings different for each episode?

Ask Gainax.

2.7.3) How many different versions of "Fly me to the moon" are there?

There are at least 28 different ones on the CDs. (There are 29 in the CD list, but I think one of CLAIRE's full sized version is duplicated.) There may be some more in KIDA-114, but I don't have that disc yet.

2.7.4) But there are only 26 TV episodes!

I suspect only the ones marked (TV. Size Version) are used on TV, which makes only 16 versions below.

2.7.5) Can you tell me which version is used for which episode?

The source of this list can be found on Genesis 0:6 LD.

             Episode                 Ending
                 1   CLAIRE TV. Size version *
                 2   CLAIRE TV. Size version *
                 3   CLAIRE TV. Size version *
                 4   CLAIRE TV. Size version *
                 5   Rei(#5) (Hayashibara Megumi)TV. Size Remix Version
                     (see 2.7.8) *
                 6   Rei(#6) (Hayashibara Megumi)TV. Size Remix Version
                     (see 2.7.8) *
                 7   Yoko Takahashi 4 beat TV. Size version?
                 8   Aya (Asuka; Miyamura Yuko) Aya Bossa Techno Version
                 9   Yoko Takahashi Acid Bossa Version (Asuka image)
                10   Yoko Takahashi Version (Asuka image)
                11   CLAIRE TV. Size version *
                12   Yoko Takahashi 4 beat TV. Size version
                13   Yoko Takahashi Acid Bossa Version (Asuka image)
                14   Yoko Takahashi Version (Asuka image)
                15   4-Beat Version <Off Vocal Version> (Karaoke)
                16   Off Vocal Version (Karaoke)
                17   <Aki Jungle Version>
                18   CLAIRE TV. Size version *
                19   CLAIRE TV. Size version *
                20   B-22 A Type Version
                21   Yoko Takahashi Version (Asuka image)
                22   Aya (Asuka; Miyamura Yuko) Aya Bossa Techno Version
                23   Rei(#23)TV. Size Version
                24   Off Vocal Version (Karaoke)
                25   Rei(#25)TV. Size Version
                26   Rei(#26)TV. Size Version
  • - these versions can be found on OST 2; all other versions can be found
   on OST 3

2.7.6) Who are the singers?

    CLAIRE      Claire Littley, (British?) singer born in London.
 YOKO TAKAHASHI Takahashi Yoko, Japanese singer. Also sings the opening.
      Rei       Ayanami Rei (Hayashibara Megumi).
      Aya       Soryu Asuka Langley (Miyamura Yuuko). 
      Aki       ?
     ASUKA      Soryu Asuka Langley (Miyamura Yuuko).   
    MISATO      Katsuragi Misato (Misuishi Kotono).

2.7.7) What are the differences between versions?

Main Version  Intro, 1st pass, piano, 2nd pass, more BGM, 3rd pass of
              passage 2 only.
  TV. Size    only 1 vocal pass, most of them without intro.
   4 Beat     Slower (during the vocal parts?).
    Acid      Vocal on acid?
    Bossa     ?
   Jungle     Fast beat, `jungle' percussions?
 London Beat  Techno/classical beat, sampling of NASA transmissions 
  Off vocal   Instrumental/Karaoke.
   Techno     Techno

2.7.8) What are the differences between Rei's versions?

At least, ANNO directed HAYASHIBARA Megumi to sing as Rei for #5, and as "unified person of Rei and HAYASHIBARA Megumi" for #6.

2.7.9) What are the words to Tamashii no Refrain?

This translation was provided by <unknown> and revised by Patrick Yip <Patrick.Yip at ing-barings.com> -- Tamashii no refrain

Soul refrain


Watashi ni kaeri nasai, kioku wo tadori, Yasashisa to yume no minamoto e. Mouichido hoshi ni hikare, umareru tame ni. amashii no rufuran...

Please come back to me, tracing my memories, To the source of sweetness and dreams. For the sake of being born, shine like a star once more! Soul refrain...


Aoi kage ni tsutsumareta suhada ga, Toki no naka de, shizuka ni furueteru. Inochi no yukue wo toikakeru you ni, Yubisaki wa watashi wo motomeru.

The bare skin wrapped in pale shadow, Are shivering silently amidst time. As if to inquire where life is going, [Your] fingertips desire after me.


Dakishimeteta unmei no anata wa, Kisetsu ni saku marude hakanai hana. Kibou no nioi wo mune ni nokoshite, Chiriisogu azayakana sugata de.

You who hold fate in your hands, are a very vulnerable flower blossoming in the seasons, leaving the smell of hope in the heart, and falling apart rapidly in a splendid pose.


  • Watashi ni kaeri nasai, umareru mae ni,

Anata ga sugoshita daichi e to. Kono te ni kaeri nasai, meguriau tame. Kiseki wa okoru yo nando demo, Tamashii no rufuran...*

  • Please come back to me, come back before birth,

And to the earth that you passed through. Please come back into these arms, for the sake of a chance meeting. Miracles will be created, no matter how many times, Soul refrain.*


Inoru you ni, mabuta tojita toki ni, Sekai wa tada yami no soko ni kieru. oredemo kodou wa mata ugokidasu, Kagiri aru eien wo sagashite.

Like in prayer, when the eyelids are closed, The world simply disappears into the depths of darkness. However the heart beat goes on again, Searching for an eternity with limits.


Watashi ni kaeri nasai, kioku wo tadori, Yasashisa to yume no minamoto e. Anata mo kaeri nasai ai shiau tame. Kokoro mo karada mo kurikaesu. Tamashii no rufuran...

Please come back to me, recalling my memories, To the source of sweetness and dreams. You, please come back also, for the sake of love. Both body and soul repeat, soul refrain...


  • Repeat

-- Revision by Patrick Yip <Patrick.Yip at ing-barings.com>

2.7.10) What are the lyrics to Emergency Evacuation to Regression?

This song is track three from the End of Evangelion Soundtrack

This translation was provided by Avery Davies <puppeteer at earthlink.net>

Emergency Evacuation to Regression / Outro

Far in the distance is cast a shadow Symbol of our freedom will bring as salvation

On the horizon hope for Tomorrow Sweeping across the land to give us unity

Look to the heavens with tears of triumph To cherish a new life and suffer not again

Lift up our spirits from all destruction Never shall we return from conflict we must learn

2.7.11) What are the lyrics to Thanatos: If I Can't Be Yours

Lyrics supplied by Kaoru Nagisa <kaoru_nagisa at hotmail.com>

THANATOS - If I Can't Be Yours -

Now it's time, I fear to tell I've been holding it back so long But something strange deep inside of me is happening I feel unlike I've ever felt And it's makin' me scared That I may not be what I (think I am) What of us, what do I say Are we both from a different world Cos every breath that I take, I breathe it for you I couldn't face my life without you And I'm so afraid. There's nothing to comfort us What am I, if I can't be yours I don't sleep, don't feel a thing And my senses have all but gone Can't even cry from the pain, can't shed a tear now I realise We're not the same And it's makin' me sad Cos we can't fulfil our dream (in this life) So I must, let us break free I can never be what you need If there was a way, through the hurt Then I would find it I'd take the blows. Yes I would fight it But this is the one. Impossible dream to live What am I, if I can't be yours.

2.8) Why are there two subtitles (Japanese and English) for each episode?

They were made that way. The English subtitle also serves as an eye-catch and sometimes convey a change in focus for the second half of the episode. It is interesting to note that the two subtitles are not always direct translations of each other. It is also interesting that only in ep.26 there are 2 cuts (versus 1 in the other episodes) for the English subtitle.

2.9) Specific information about some episode's subtitles.

... Episode 19 The definition of introjection is a psychoanalysis term meaning "the internalization of the parent figures and their values; leads to the formation of the superego".

Episode 24 The two characters "si-Sya" in the Japanese subtitle is a visual pun to Kaoru's last name, Nagisa. It is also a pun meaning both "Angel" and "Casualty". In detail:

katakana "shi" looks very much like a "sanzui-hen" kanji radical (which basically adds "water-related" meaning to the kanji). Composed with the next kanji "sha" (person), they *look* like ONE kanji "nagisa" (shore).

The English title, "Knockin' on Heaven's Door", is the title of a Bob Dylan song, which was included in the film "Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid".

2.10) Episode list {subtitles, TV air date, staff and ending information}.

________________________________________________________________________ Ep Japanese Title English Title Air Date

  1. (Japanese/English trans.)

________________________________________________________________________

1 Shito, shurai/Angel Angel Attack Oct 4, 1995

  attack

2 mishiranu, tenjo/ The Beast Oct 11

  Unknown Ceiling

3 naranai, denwa/ A phone A Transfer Oct 18

  that doesn't ring         

4 ame, nigedashita ato/ Hedgehog's Dilemma Oct 25

  Rain, after he ran way    

5 Rei, kokoro no mukouni/ Rei I Nov 1

  Rei, beyond her heart     

6 ketsusen, Daisan shin Rei II Nov 8

  Tokyo-shi/Decisive        
  battle in the Third New   
  Tokyo City                
  

7 hito no (?)rishimono/ A Human work Nov 15

  The human creation        
  

8 Asuka, rainichi/ Asuka Asuka strikes Nov 22

  comes to Japan            
  

9 shunkan, kokoro, Both of you, dance like Nov 29

  kasanete/ With one        you want to win!
  accord in a flash         

10 maguma daiba/Magma Magma Diver Dec 6

  Diver                     

11 seishi shita yami no The day Tokyo-3 stood still Dec 13

  naka de /In the still     
  darkness                  

12 kiseki no kachi/ The She said, "Don't make others Dec 20

  worth of a miracle is.    suffer for your personal
                            hatred."
  

13 shito, shinnyuu/Angel's Lilliputian Hitcher Dec 27

  invasion                  
  

14 Zere, tamashii no za/ Weaving a story Jan 3, 1996

  Seele, the throne of      
  souls                     

15 uso to chinmoku/ Those women longed for the Jan 10

  Lie and Silence           touch of others' lips and
                            thus invited their kisses

16 shi ni itaru yamai/ Splitting of the breast Jan 17

  Disease to die, and...    

17 yonhitome no tekikakusha/ Fourth Children Jan 24

  The fourth qualified      
  person                    

18 inochi no sentaku wo/ Ambivalence Jan 31

  The judgement of Life 

19 otoko no tatakai/ Introjection Feb 7

  A man's fight               

20 kokoro no katachi, hito Weaving a story 2: Feb 14

  no katachi/               oral stage
  Mind's form, man's form          

21 nerufu, tanjou/ He was aware of that he was Feb 21

  The birth of Nerv         a child

22 semete, ningen rashiku/ Don't be Feb 28

  At least be humane          

23 namida/Tears Rei III Mar 6

24 saigo no shisha/ The beginning and the end, Mar 13

  The final messenger;      or knockin' on heaven's door
  casualty; Nagisa          

25 owaru sekai/ Do you love me? Mar 20

  The world ending                    

26 sekai no (?) de ai wo Take care of yourself Mar 27

  saken dakemono/The beast   
  that shouted "I" at the   
  heart of the world

2.11) How can I see the TV series/films?

In Japan, the series has recently been re-run in the last quarter on 1997. There is no news of any further reruns. LD's, home video tapes and DVD's of the series have been released sporadically, with a likely completion date some time in 1998.

The films have generally completed their theatrical runs, however a movie, "TRUE", was released in the first quarter of 1998, and includes a re-edited version of the "Death" sequence of the first movie. A director's cut of "Death & Rebirth" was shown on Japanese Satellite TV early in January, 1998.

A movie, "Revival", was released on March 7th, 1998, and includes a re-edited version of the "Death" sequence of the first movie "(True)", and comprises of all three segments ("Death (True)", "Rebirth" and "End".) This was shown on Japanese Satellite TV in early February 1999.

The theatrical features will be released in December 1998 in a Movie Version LD Box. In addition, the two parts that comprise "End" will be released in the third quarter of 1998 as part of the TV laser disk release. (see 4.0.1) DVD's of the films was released on September 22, 1999.

In Hong Kong and Singapore the TV series is available on Video Compact Disk. Asia Home TV Channel have purchased the rights to broadcast the series, beginning 28 April 1998, from 22:20 to 23:00 every Saturday. The series has been dubbed by ATV, and two episodes are shown each Saturday. The series has been edited heavily in some episodes (14 & 15). The versions for VCD/pay television and free to air television have different dub castings.

The films have not been shown theatrically, nor have been legally released on the home video/LD market.

In North America and Great Britain home video/LD's of the TV series are available from AD Vision. In North America up to thirteen volumes of the home video tape (26 episodes) have been issued, and two LD's (four episodes). DVD's are planned for a pre-Christmas 1999 release. The TV series has not been broadcast. The films have not been released theatrically. Manga Entertainment have officially announced at Anime Expo 1999 that it has purchased the rights to the films, and it is rumoured that there will be a theatrical release. No date has been annouced for a theatrical nor home video release. (*

In Great Britain as of 1/99 AD Vision (UK) have released up to tape 12.

In Europe (not including Great Britain) the series appears to be released by the Dynamic Planning Inc Japan and the Dynamic Group Companies (Europe), owned by Go Nagai, a famous manga artist.

In France the series has been licensed to Dynamic France. It has been shown on television, the first showing on the CanalSatellite channel "C:", from October 1997 to June 1998. It was shown between 6:30pm to 6:50pm every Saturday, and then repeated at the same hour every day thereafter until the next Saturday. It was broadcast with French subtitles, and omitted the trailers. The second showing was on the pay-for-view channel "Canal+", from October 1998 to June 1999. It was shown at 4:40pm each Wednesday, and replayed on "Canal+ Blue" at 2:30pm every Saturday. It was broadcast in French dubs, and included the trailers. (*

In Italy the series is released by Dynamic Italia, and is licenced from AD Vision. Twelve episodes have been released, two episodes per tape, bi-monthly, with the sixth tape released in September 1999. (*

In Spain the series is released by Manga Films. So far there have been six tapes released, three episodes per tape. Genesis 0:7 was released 21 May. The series will be broadcast on TV on Canal 33, beginning 21 October, at 9:30pm.

In Portugal the series is broadcast on TV as part of a children's show. The series concluded in early June.

In Holland and Belgium the series is released by Dynamic. Each tape contains 3 episodes, and is subtitled in the Dutch language. The price is 34.95 guilders (approximately US$17). The first tape should be available now.

In Germany the series is released by OAV Films and distributed throughout the country by the Anime Connection of Germany (A.C.O.G) under licence from Dynamic Germany. Each boxed set has three tapes, each with two subtitled episodes, and retails for DM79.95 (deluxe edition DM129.95) One volume has been released in December 1998.

In Australasia the series has been licenced to Madman Entertainment. The first tape has been released in October 1998, and regular multiple tape monthly releases until March, 1999. The price is Aus$19.95 (dubbed)/$29.95 (subbed).

2.11.1) Will AD Vision change episodes 25 and 26?

At a panel at the Animazement 1998 convention, where the final four episodes of the TV series were shown, representatives indicated that AD Vision will release the series as broadcast on Japanese television. In addition, AD Vision has no plans to release an English edition of the Japanese LD's of Genesis 0:11 and 0:12, which have additional and/or altered scenes, although it has indicated an interest in doing so.

2.11.1A) Will Manga Entertainment release the films? (*

At Anime Expo 1999 Manga Entertainment announced it had negotiated with Gainax for the rights to produce an english version of the Evangelion movies. In further developments, Manga has apparently negotiated with most of the AD Vision voice actors on the series to reprise their roles for the films. (*

In mid-November 1998 AD Vision officially announced that it had no further interest in releasing the Evangelion theatrical features.

2.11.2) Will MTV broadcast Evangelion?

It had been rumoured that MTV had obtained the rights to broadcast the TV series on cable television. In a statement from AD Vision, a spokesman reiterated that AD Vision hold *all* North American rights to Evangelion, and that MTV had no plans whatsoever to broadcast the TV series.

2.11.3A) Will the Japanese release of Genesis 0:11 have extra scenes?

According to Carl Horn, editor of the Viz edition of the Neon Genesis Evangelion comics book, the Japanese release of Genesis 0:11 will have extra scenes included. The scenes that are reputed to be included include a scene with Kaji Ryouji and Asuka Langley, and a scene with Fuyutsuki Kouzou and Ikari Yui. This information was gathered either from the February issue of Animage or Newtype. (This information was gleaned from rec.arts.anime.misc)

The following information was contributed by "George Chen" <george at netobjects.com> -- A while back when 0:11 just came out I think someone had already made a short review and I'm just gonna put in some other observations:

Before the episode 21 starts there are about full 3 mins. of still/animations which portrait the interior of some UN lab @ South Pole. You can hear Gendo's techno-babble in the background which I think is right before the time which 2nd Impact was about to happen. The last cut of the scene is the white light giant then cut straight to a blue screen with the UN logo top secret babble. VERY COOL stuff. It kinda set-up like the FBI copy write warning which give you the impression of watch some old UN archive at NERV library. Again, very cool stuff. ^_^

I am also surprise that there are a lot of extra Yui scenes which some of us can gain more knowledge about Yui and HCP. Obviously missing (from TV) is the one which Fuyutsuki ran into Yui right outside of the UN Artificial Human Evolution Research Lab (my translation there)... Yui was very much surprised that Fuyutsuki showed up (Fuyutsuki was supposed to confront Gendo about 2nd Impact).

New scenes in episode 22 include a scene which Asuka standing *naked* in the bathroom and said, "kimochi warue!" Actually, I think that is the only full-body naked scene of Asuka in the series so far. Turns out Asuka got pissed-off at herself and kicking things around in the bathroom. Asuka forever!!! ^_^;

Also a dream like sequence of Asuka at some train station (wearing plug-suit) going against the flow of people....

The mind-attck of 15th Angel is also slight enhanced. Now we can actually see Asuka going through the whole process which is VERY VERY similar to what Shinji went through in episode 26. We see Asuka takes on a different attitude and letting the outside world perceive her differently . Again, very very similar to what Shinji experienced in 26. (I recognized that some cut scenes here are also being used in EOE also)

Spear of Longinus also look slightly different when it piece through 15th Angel's AT field. The spare actually expand a little which looks a lot more powerful to previous TV version...Also, when Unit 00 pull the spare out of Lilith, the legs of Lilith of started to grow right away--which I don't remember seeing in the fan sub. -- (Text by "George Chen" <george at netobjects.com>)

The following information was contributed by "Ryan Tyrrell" <rtyrrell at i-cafe.net> -- There's some cool Second Impact footage added before they roll the credits for episode 21.

There's scenes in 22's "introspective" portion(tm) where Asuka is walking through an empty trainyard and suddenly finds herself struggling upstream through a crowd of hooded figures. One takes its hood off and all of a sudden she's lost in a sea of red psychedelia. I'm probably not describing it well enough, it's a very nicely done scene. Another that might be new is a scene where the ghostly image of herself as a young girl approaches her as she huddles in a playground and says something(damn I need to learn Japanese!), Which Asuka lashes out at. The ghost dissolves away, almost exploding from the impact of her words. Looks like I'll be getting the AD Vision version just so I can see what's missing from it. ^_^ -- Footage of her ripping the dress open, along with the cells from her introducing herself to her classmates, one of her many "Anta Baka?" scenes, and her saying "Chance!" in a rather evil looking manner are used repeatedly by the angel to throw the strong facade she has created right back in her face. The whole sequence is quite intense - Pokemon has nothing on this tape. :) -- (Text by "Ryan Tyrrell" <rtyrrell at i-cafe.net>)

2.11.3B) Will the AD Vision release of Genesis 0:11 include these scenes?

No. AD Vision have stated that the North American release will use only footage from the original TV series.

2.11.4A) Will the Japanese release of Genesis 0:12 have extra scenes?

Yes.

2.11.5) Has Evangelion been seen in the US in DVD format?

It is reported that a Panasonic DVD sample disk contains about five minutes from the first episode of Evangelion, with subtitles in English, French, Spanish, Mandarin Chinese, Russian, etc. It is NOT for sale.

2.11.6) Will Australian TV broadcast Evangelion?

Yes. The Special Broadcasting Service (SBS-TV) are broadcasting the TV series, starting Saturday 2nd January 1999, in a hourly format (two episodes.) As of the week starting on 4 October, SBS-TV have begun showing 30 second promotions, one with OP music, and one with Beethoven's 'Ode of Joy'. SBS-TV by tradition shows only dubbed anime.

2.11.7) Have the eyecatches (or titles) at the centre of each episode released in Great Britain and Australasia been edited out?

Yes. Due to BBFC (British Broadcasting Film Classification) regulations, AD Vision have had to excise the eye catches out. As Australasian editions are sourced from the British edition, the eyecatches are also excised from that edition also (broadcast and video releases).


EVA FAQ ver.0.6.3 Written by Stephen Lee. Edited by Widya Santoso. Last revised November 5, 1999.

EVA FAQ version 0.6.3

New information delinated with "(*"

Contents

Section 3. Details

3.0) What is the first impact? 3.1) What is the plug suit for? 3.2) Why has Gendou changed his last name? 3.3) What gender are the EVAs? 3.4) Are the characters named after Japanese Navy warships? 3.4.1) Are there any other significance pinned to any of the other

      characters' names? 

3.4.2) Is Kaworu spelt with or without a "w"? 3.5) Is the term "Children" a deliberate use? 3.6) What is the structure of "Death"? 3.6.1) What is the piece of classical music Shinji plays on his cello

      in episode 15?

3.7) What is LCL? 3.8) References and homages in Evangelion 3.8.0) Miscellaneous 3.8.1) The Andromeda Strain 3.8.2) Space: 1999 3.8.3) The Day The Earth Stood Still 3.8.4) The Violent History Of the Showa Era: The Final Battle Of

      Okinawa 

3.8.5) Cordwainer Smith and the Instrumentality Project 3.8.6) Yashima (episode 5 & 6) 3.9) Who are the other members of Seele? 3.10) How big are the Eva Units? 3.11) What are the Pattern types 3.12) The different departments of NERV 3.13) What is the Henflick limit? 3.14) Is that Real Beer that Misato Drinks? 3.15) What is "fan service"? 3.16) Which Identities of Naoko Akagi are in the MAGI? 3.17) Is the Leaf Silhouette on the NERV logo a fig leaf? 3.18) Is the aircraft carrier "Over The Rainbow" a real vessel?

--

Section 3. Details

3.0) What is the first impact?

According to the textbook with which Shinji and his classmates study the history, the First Impact is the collision of a meteorite with the Earth which caused the moon to be separated from the Earth.

3.1) What is the plug suit for?

It increases the pilot's synchronization with an EVA. The only necessary thing for a pilot to wear in order to pilot an EVA is the hairclip-like thing on his/her hair. So we see the children pilot the EVAs in their street clothes or school uniforms in several episodes. In episode 13 we see them test-synchronizing nude.

3.2) Why has Gendou changed his last name?

Gendou married into his wife's family, taking up her family's name instead of vice versa. This sometime happens in Japanese society and especially if the wife's family is of a higher social standing or wealthier than the husband's ("Gyaku Tama no Koshi" (marry a woman of wealth)). Another situation is when the wife has no brothers to carry on the family name.

This explanation is supplied by Bochan Bird <mmk at gol.com> -- Well, this is also one reason, but the Japanese that are that interested in status (caste), are a rather small group at the top. Also, the family has the status, not the male or the female.

First, let me state that when a Japanese couple gets married, one or the other 'must' adopt the family name of the other. While currently the subject of much debate, there is no system where the wife (or husband as the case may be) gets to keep her (his) old name.

Next, there are a number of reasons why a man would take his wife's family name, including:

1. The status issue indicated above. (rare)

2. The wife's family name is 'better' or 'luckier'. (also rare)

3. The wife's family had no sons and the wife is either the eldest daughter, or the daughter that will take over the household upon her parent's death. In this case, the husband is usually the second, third or later son in his family. (This is quite common, but has been running into problems lately due to Japan's extremely low birthrate: with less than 1.5 kids per couple, currently 70% of all younger Japanese are the eldest or only child.)

4. The husband wants to erase all ties with his former life and 'start over'. (Although rare, this is probably the reason I would choose for Gendo.) An interesting tidbit regarding Japan's legal system: If a person changes their name, obligations on the previous name (debts, etc.) become extremely difficult to collect on. It is as if the previous person has ceased to exist and a new person has been created. For this reason it is sometimes done for symbolic purposes - ie: to emphasize a new start.

I'm sure there are also other reasons, but I can't think of any off the top of my head. (Incidentally, when a Japanese person marries a foreigner, they get to choose whether or not to change their name - because the foreigner doesn't have a family register in Japan.) --

(Text by Bochan Bird <mmk at gol.com>)

3.3) What gender are the EVAs?

This is subject to debate. The gender of the EVAs are not made explicit during the series. Ritsuko said (trying to avoid spoilers) a line that contains the word "she" in ep.19, and a lot of people takes this to mean that EVA-01 is female. However the rest of the time she, and everybody else, refers to the EVAs as "EVA", so the line in question is most likely refering to somebody else (who that is is another spoiler). To further confuse matters, Kaoru also said a line with "her" in ep.24, probably refering to EVA-02.

In addition, Ritsuko and Misato refer to EVA-03 as a "him".

3.4) Are the characters named after Japanese Navy warships?

It appears so; names can be matched to World War II Imperial Japanese Navy ships or classes of ships. Here is a list of names and the corresponding ships or classes of ship:

Akagi Akagi Class Aircraft Carrier

Aoba Heavy Cruiser

Ayanami Fubuki Class Destroyer

Fuyutsuki Akizuki Class Destroyer

Hyuga Battleship

Ibuki Aircraft Carrier

Katsuragi Unryu Class Aircraft Carrier

Soryu Soryu Class Aircraft Carrier

In addition the following names are based on nautical terms:

Ikari Anchor

Kaji Rudder

Rokubungi Sextant

Keel The major piece of timber that forms the hull of a ship

Asuka's American surname is also named after a ship, from the US Navy:

Langley Aircraft Carrier (named after an aircraft pioneer, c. 1900)

3.4.1) Are there any other significance pinned to any of the other characters' names?

The following definitions are readings of the names

Rei/Ayanami "example", "soul", "zero"/"the waves of cloth" Sohryuu/ "river of all"/"scent of tomorrow"/"from the long meadow" Asuka/Langley Misato "beautiful town" Ritsuko/ the first kanji="science", "profit"/"red tree" Akagi Gendou "illusionary, dark way" (information from Zhou Tai An's Symbolisms FAQ)

It appears that Suzuhara Touji and Aida Kensuke are the names of the two main characters in Ryu Murakami's novel, Fascism of Love and Fantasy (its original title is Ai to gensou no fascism.) The theme of fascism and criticism of fascism underlies both novel and possibly Evangelion.

Hikari Horaki's sisters (Nozomi, Kodama and including Hikari) are named after three services on the Shinkansen railway network.

The Hebrew word for God, "Elohim", as used in the original text of Genesis (and used in the Tree of the Sephiroth shown in the opening credits) is both a feminine and plural noun. "Rei" is also feminine and plural.

3.4.2) Is Kaworu spelt with or without a "w"?

The AD Vision edition spells his name "Kaoru", partly because it is spelt that way in the animation of 25. The following text by Patrick Yip attempts to clear the origin of the name.

--

I was flipping through the old Japanese classics "Genji Monogatari" (Tale of Genji) the other day. It's been quite some time since I looked at the final part of this monumental work, and I found that the name of the hero in this part of the story is "Kaworu"!!

I did some more research on this name. These are the facts about "Kaworu" that I find out:

- The reason why "Kaworu" is written with a "wo" character is probably influenced by classics work like "Genji Monogatari". In the Heian ages and medieval period, "wo" and "o" were quite separate words. At that time "Kaworu" was indeed written with "wo" character. The two characters merged in their pronounciation in the Edo period and thus created the confusion as to why "Kaworu" should have a "wo" character. It is possible that some Japanese may not even know this, and it has become common practice to write "Kaoru". This creates more confusion.

- "Kaworu" is a serious but also romantic hero in the last third of the Tale of Genji. And literally the kanji for "Kaworu" means fagrance (of incence wood). Indeed in Tale of Genji, Kaworu was born with a very special bodily feature: His body bore a sweet fagrance smell. So the name "Kaworu" is commonly related to the idea of intelligent, handsome and romantic hero.

- And one more striking thing. "Kaworu" can be a girl's name as well!! This adds to the ambiguity of sex implicated by this name. Put it into the context that Kaworu is an epitome of shoujo-anime bishounen (handsome boy) with ambiguous sexuality. Now it seems to me that Gainax actually put some thought in choosing his name.

- Lastly, it can now become clear that despite "Kaworu"'s Caucasian look, he indeed has a Japanese name. -- (Text by Patrick Yip <Patrick.Yip at ing-barings.com>)

3.5) Is the term "Children" a deliberate use?

Evangelion pilots are referred to singly as "Children"; eg. Shinji is the "Third Children" (see 5.11 for spoiler information)

3.6) What is the structure of "Death"?

DEATH the movie can be divided into five parts, with four interludes. The four interludes combine to form the "quartet" section.

1. The prelude

  (2nd Impact and Misato, Asuka's first appearance, Shinji's first 
  appearance, Kaworu's death)

a. Opening title, first part of "quartet" - Shinji 2. Shinji's section b. second part of "quartet" - Asuka 3. Asuka's section c. third part of "quartet" - Rei 4. Rei's and Yui's section (ReiII, Yui, ReiI, ReiIII, Rei dummy system) d. fourth part of "quartet" - Kaworu 5. Touji's Kaji's Asuka's Kaworu's section, Kaworu's death again, ending.

I will concentrate on the "quartet" section:

The quartet is purported to take place 18 months before Kaworu's death. As I said before, the time-scale is simply impossible to have Kaworu playing in the quartet. But since GAINAX really wanted to use Kaworu, so they did some tricks to the fourth part of the "quartet":

We can only see the shadow, hear the guy say "Ah-ha sorry sorry", then see his legs and that's it! We can only tell it is Kaworu by his voice. I think

GAINAX did not really need to do this. Why can't Touji play violin? I think

GAINAX still has its mind fixed by stereotypes, or they don't want to face fans which see things in stereotypes. Oh well, anyway...

a. 22:00 (22 minutes) before the start.

  Shinji is already there, with his cello. He is the 4th string.
  He plays Cello Suite #1 by J.S.Bach (BWV 1007)

b. 10:30 (10 minutes and 30 seconds) before the start.

  Asuka arrives. (yeah! ^_^) She brings her violin. She is the 2nd string.
  She plays third movement - Gavotte Rondo - of Violin Partita #3 by 
  J.S.Bach (BWV 1006)
  Here is something very interesting. Here is the only part in the 
  "quartet" section that has more than one line of conversation. So I 
  translate them all, for the benefit of all Shinji x Asuka fans ^_^
  Shinji: Good morning
  Asuka: Good morning. What are we going to play today?
  Shinji: Pachebel's Canon.
  Asuka: Oh. That's easy for you. You only need to do the arpeggio 
          harmonics. 
  Shinji: Yeah.

c. 5:43 (5 minutes and 43 seconds) before the start.

  Rei arrives. She brings her viola. She is the 3rd string.
  She plays nothing solo :) 
  Note that they arrange Asuka as the second person to arrive at the 
  scene.

d. 0:00 The appointed time.

  Kaworu finally arrives. We only see his shadow (actually for all the
  other three, we never get to see their faces either, but at least
  we could see their bodies). Asuka said "You are laaaate!" Kaworu
  jokingly said "Ah-ha sorry sorry". Somebody said "Let's begin"
  Another said "Un". And they start playing Pachebel's Canon.

(Text by Patrick Yip <Patrick.Yip at ing-barings.com>)

3.6.1) What is the piece of classical music Shinji plays on his cello in episode 15?

Suiten für Violoncello solo Nr.1 G.dur, BWV.1007 1.Vorspiel (First Suite, First Movement., (Prelude) in G Major), from the Six Suites for Solo Violocello, composed by Johann Sebastian Bach, 1720 to 1725.

3.7) What is LCL?

Evangelion pilots are immersed in a fluid that allows the direct supply of oxygen into their lungs. This is known as LCL, and this technology is available in real life:

Perfluorides -- medical molecules for the future?

Perfluorocarbons (PFC) are linear or cyclic organic compounds in which hydrogen atoms have been subsituted by fluorine atoms. The strong carbon-flurorine bond gives PFCs outstanding thermal and chemical stabilty. So far, the most common use of these is as 'blood subsitutes'. One of the most striking properties of PFCs is that they can dissolve very large volumes of the respiratory gases oxygen and carbon dioxide. Although in a pure form they are immiscible with blood and aqueous solutions, they can be emulsified and mixed with blood.

Well, that is at least the introduction to PFCs. As it of now, it is now used in hospitals readily for balloon-angioplasty operations and for infants without fully developed lungs.

(Text by dreamreaver <tcneo at cyberway.com.sg>)

In addition, Oxygenated Liquid Hydrocarbons is a liquid similar to Perfluorocarbons that is used as a substitute for oxygen mixes in diving equipment. As yet it's still in the experimental stage. It would be used in situations where deep sea diving would be necessary. Oxygen as a gas in conditions of high pressure would be dangerous to the breather. Such conditions would exist deep under the sea. LCL would be substituted for oxygen.

LCL in real life could cause damage to the throat after emptying due to coughing out the fluid. Treatment would require immediate application of an oyxgen mask. In addition LCL would take several days to empty completely out of the lungs.

(See 5.7 for spoiler information)

3.8) References and homages in Evangelion

Evangelion is replete with references and homages from influences from Anno Hideaki's life. This section attempts to outline specific references.

3.8.0) Miscellaneous

(This information was excerpted from the Evangelion Encyclopaedia, included with the Italian edition of the Evangelion TV series video release, authored by "Gualtiero Cannarsi" <shito at tin.it>. Text and English translation supplied by "Ebj" <e.barone at flashnet.it>)

-- Misato's many cars, various eps. (* In ep.1 Misato makes her first appearance driving a Renault Alpine A310 (third version of a model introduced in 1982 and retired in 1994, this one is also known as "model GT-4", and has a wider chassis than pervious versions). This version has beeen modified with an electric engine and has the driver's place at the rigth side as Japanes cars have. However, in ep.4 Misato runs to the Railway Station to see Shinji in _another_ Alpine A310, with the same blue color, but with the original gas engine and driver's place to the left. In ep.7, Misato reaches Shinji's school in a red (with black soft top) Ferrari 328 GTS (production date 1985, 3184,96 cc 4 valve V8 (90° V) cylinder engine). This sample has the driving place to the right, Japanese way. Even if not one of the most expensive Ferraris, it undoubtely is much more than the A310.

Touji's gym suit, episode 3. (* In his first appearance, on Touji's gym suit leftside on the chest, it is visible an EILA mark. When he's involved in the ensuing battle between Eva-01 and the 4th angel, right before the Eva plunges in the hillside where he and Kensuke are standing, it briefly changes to FILA.

Shimorak milk, episode 6. (* In the tray Rei uses to bring Shinji some meal while he's in the ospital, a 300 ml. pack of Shimorak milk can be seen. The Shimorak brand exists in real world.

The coffee machine at NERV: The coffee machine is an exact replica of the one that was present at Gainax studios at the time of the production of the series.

The newspaper Maiasa Shinbun, episode 7: The name of the Maiasa Shinbun (lit. "the newspaper of all mornings") that is used to show the official version of the reasons for Second Impact) is most probably the fusion of the names of two existing newspapers, the MAInichi Shinbun ("the newspaper of all days") and the ASAhi Shinbun ("the newspaper of the Rising Sun"). The head office address is the same of Gainax's.

Ikuhara Industries, episode 7: Among the flower wreaths offered by firms invited to the Jet Alone presentation, one is by "Ikuhara Electronic Systems". Kunihiko Ikuhara is the name of a young director famous for working in various series and the second movie of the anime TV series Sailor Moon, and he's a friend of director of Evangelion Hideaki Anno.

"This is Adam, this is the first human being", episode 8: The line by Gendou Ikari (possibly slightly different from my translation from Italian) that closes his encounter with Ryouji Kaji in episode 8 is exactly the same of that by the cruel Gargoyle character from Fushiji no Umi no Nadia - The Secret of Blue Water series, also by Gainax (episode 37).

The walls of Jerico, episode 9: The last night before the Synchro battle, Shinji and Asuka are alone at home together because Misato has work to do at NERV. After teasing him about the matter, Asuka moves her futon from the living room to Misato's bedroom, and warns him that the sliding doors are "the indestructible walls of Jerico".

This is a quote from the movie "It Happened One Night" (USA, 1934), by Frank Capra. The episode quoted is the night that the two main characters, Peter Warne (Clark Gable) and Ellie Andrews (Claudette Colbert), spend in the same hotel room. They divide the two beds hanging a blanket on a rope in the mid, and defining it as "The Walls of Jerico".

The reference in the movie is to the Biblical episode of the capture of the city of Jerico by Joshua and the people of Israel, because God wanted so. The supposedly indestructible walls of Jerico were destroyed thanks to the sound made by seven ram horns. Joshua, under the order of God, circled the walled city for seven days and seven nights, after which the walls collapsed, and the Hebrew army could invade.

Studio Fantasia, Shinji Higuchi, Episode 9: In the first attack to the seventh angel, Eva 02 jumps over and destroys an abandoned building on the Suruga coast with a sign on top that says "Studio Fantasia". The name and the logo on the sign belong to an animation studio involved as associate productor in the Gainax OAV series "Otaku no Video". In this series' credits appears the name of the same Shinji Higuchi that is responsible for the story boards of episode 9 of Eva, something visible in the humorous situations and the generally bright atmosphere of the episode, relatively uncharacteristic for the rest of the series.

Kermadec-3 thermoresistant deep probe, episode 10: The Kermadec-3 probe owes the name to the existing oceanic fault of Kermadec. The same fault was present in the TV series Fushigi no Umi no Nadia - The Secret of the Blue Water. In episodes 20-21, the Nautilus submarine sinks in the Kermadec-Tonga Fault. (*

ICC Ice coffee, episode 11. (* At the beginning of the episode, Shigeru Aoba buys from a vending machine an ICC Ice coffee can. It is an old model of can by UCC, a real world company that more than one year later would've bought the rights to use Eva charactrers to put on their cans. Similar UCC cans appear in first episode of Gainax's Top wo Nerae! - Gunbuster anime series, in the main character Notiko Takaya's room. The realistic vending machine is found in Gunbuster too.

Scientific Omnipotence, episode 11. (* Maya Ibuki's line about scientific omnipotence after learning that Neo Tokyo-3 is actually governed by the Magi's decisions is considered an antiquate sentence by Shigeru. It surely is an antiquate line since it can be found spoken by Jean in The Secret of Blue Water (1988 by Gainax).

Nozoku Takahashi, episode 11. (* During the episode, a van used for propaganda by the candidate for elections on the city council Nozoku Takahashi can be seen many times. The name is an homage to Nozomu Takahashi, producer of Studio Ghibli (authors of many anime, most recently Mononoke Hime). Studio Ghibli has done the drawings for this episode as it can be seen by the style of drawing of the female speaker onboard the van. Nozomu Takahashi has also been publisher of the Japanese magazine Animage.

Episode 11 had some scenes cut. The situation of Misato and Kaji remanining trapped in the lift should have led to an attempt at a serious dialogue from him and a denial from her. Also, Shigeru's appearance with the guitar at the beginning should have introduced a scene at the end of the episode where the 3 children who are watching the stars on a hill should've met him and he'd start playing it, in a 'sitting around the campfire' situation. (*

Asuka's sundress is the only piece of clothing any character wears anytime to have been personally creatd by Yoshiyuki Sadamoto, character design of the series. Her swimsuit is by Takeshi Honda, drawer of the covers (among other things). (*

In Episode 11, at the end, Rei orders a Nin'niku Ramen (garlic ramen) with no pork meat. The actual line would've had to be a Nori Ramen (Algae Ramen), but Rei's VA Megumi Hayashibara improvised during recording and her line was accepted and deemed official. (*

--

3.8.1) The Andromeda Strain

This film recounts the spread of a virus and attempts by the US Army to contain it.

These similarities occur in episode 10, Magma Diver.

Evangelion The Andromeda Strain

==== ==============

After Misato discovers After they leave the infected Sandalphon in the volcano, she town, Dr. Stone orders calls NERV. When Aoba Directive 7-12, an executive answers, she demands a A-17, order to cauterize the area an executive order for an with a thermonuclear device. offensive mission vs. an Major Manczech (sp) reminds Angel. Aoba reminds her that him that they are making an the phone she is on is an open transmission. unsecured line.

Shinji looks up at the sky and Inside the town of Piedmont, sees some flashes of light. Dr. Hall looks up and sees When he asks Ritsuko, she some flashes of light in the tells them they are UN jets, sky. When he sees them again, that are to bomb the area with Dr. Stone tells him that N2 mines if they fail. they're Air Force jets. If

                                 something  were  to  happen to
                                 them   on   the   ground,  the
                                 helicopter   would  be  either
                                 escorted to Wildfire (where it
                                 and   its   pilot   would   be
                                 "sterlized" i.e., incinerated)
                                 or  shot down if it were to go
                                 off course.

Shinji tries to call Kensuke Dr. Stone's wife's call is and his call is intercepted by intercepted by the NSA, who NERV Security, who closes the closes the call with the call with the phrase "thank phrase "thank you for your you for your cooperation". cooperation". The conversation (Episode 19) is word-for-word identical.

. the placards in 20 use the same method of counting time (black background with Nth DAY).

. the code "601" in 20 is used by MAGI for the term "unable to analyse" when Ritsuko refers to Angel DNA.

These similarities occur in episode 13, Lilliputian Hitcher.

Evangelion The Andromeda Strain

==== ==============

The Geofront, where the The research centre where the Angel/computer virus is scientists research the virus encountered is underground, is underground, in the shape with a pyramid structure. of a cone.

The Angel is a computer virus, At the end of the book the which infects NERV's computer virus evolved to become lethal system, and compels the system to silicon, and the centre's to activate self destruction computer system activates self procedures. destruction procedures.


The novel of "The Andromeda Strain" was written by Michael Crichton. A reference in another Michael Crichton novel, "The Terminal Man" describes the installation of a stimulation device as identical to how Ritsuko connects with Casper.

3.8.2) Space: 1999

Space: 1999 was a space opera of the seventies, produced by Gerry Anderson, creator of the Thunderbirds and Captain Scarlet. It's about the adventures of the inhabitants of a moonbase, when Earth's moon is torn from orbit by a cataclysmic disaster.

The date of the disaster was September 13, 1999. In Evangelion the Second Impact occurs exactly one year later. (This date is also noted as a "future" event in Gainax's second Otaku no Video OAV.)

3.8.3) The Day The Earth Stood Still

The Day The Earth Stood Still is a classic 1950's science fiction film, about the first contact between humans and the representative of a community of worlds. Reaction of the humans is riddled with suspicion and paranoia, and the alien represenative has to prove his strength by draining energy from everything in Washington DC, making "the Earth Stand Still".

In episode 11, The Day Tokyo-3 Stood Still, the whole of NERV, located in the geofront beneath Tokyo-3 loses power mysteriously. The original title had to be "Panic in Geo Front", as in the original storyboard.

3.8.4) The Violent History Of the Showa Era: The Final Battle Of

      Okinawa 

According to Protoculture Addicts Issue 49 (a Canadian anime news magazine) the film Death & Rebirth was heavily influenced by a story, "The Violent History Of the Showa Era: The Final Battle Of Okinawa", about the World War II battle of Okinawa. The battle itself was very brutal.

3.8.5) Cordwainer Smith and the Instrumentality Project

Cordwainer Smith (real name Paul Linebarger), wrote a series of stories about the Instrumentality of Mankind. In the series, a house of immortal nobles guided a society grown stagnant. The sacrifice of a few of the society brought chaos and began regeneration.

The series has strong religious overtones, and Smith apparently had a background in China.

3.8.6) Yashima (episode 5 & 6)

(This information was excerpted from the Evangelion Encyclopaedia, included with the Italian edition of the Evangelion TV series video release, authored by "Gualtiero Cannarsi" <shito at tin.it>. Text supplied by "Ebj" <e.barone at flashnet.it>)

Operation Yashima takes its name from the Yashima Battle, year one of the Bunji era (1185), during the Genpei wars. According to the legend, during the battle, the samurai Yoichi Nasuno ( aka Nasu no Yoichi), while riding his horse in the water, hit the red fan of his enemy Tamamushi with an arrow from long distance, thus resolving the battle. Analogy with the Yashima operation is evidently the need for an accurate long distance shot (from behind 'the water' of lake Ashino) to resolve the battle. Moreover, Yashima, written with different characters, can be read as "the eight countries", an ancient way to call the entirety of Japan. Though confirmation is not given, an analogy between this and the need to use the energy of the entire Japan to feed the positron rifle can also be considered appropriate.

3.9) Who are the other members of Seele?

The names of the persons seen during the meetings of Gendou with Seele are not known, but their countries of citizenship can be identified.

Keel Lorenz (German): The only man named. France: Bespectacled slightly balding man with long thin nose. England: Large chinned, full head of hair. USA: Bald, with broad nose. Russia: permed hair, large broad nose, moustache, dark complexion.

(Information obtained from the 100% Newtype book and the Newtype NERV Reports)

3.10) How big are the Eva Units?

The Eva Units are about 60 to 65 metres high. This is extrapolated from measurements of the Over The Rainbow and the Kentucky and Illinois (aircraft carrier and battleships respectively), and of measurements of the flying wing and Gaghiel, bot of which use a Eva figure for scale. (Taken from the third Newtype film book.)

3.11) What are the Pattern types?

NERV staff use different colour codes to differenciate between different types of threats. The codes are also known as blood types.)

Blue- Angel Orange- Unknown, no AT field detected (first appeared during 12th Angel's attack)

There is a third type, Green, which apparently appears on the Children's files.

3.12) The different departments of NERV

These are the different departments mentioned in the series:

Operations (at least two sections); Technology (four sections, the third devoted to "electro-magnetic and light wave weapon development"); Public Affairs Security (at least two sections); Engineering; and Special Affairs.

3.13) What is the Henflick limit?

It is the maximum damage beyond which it becomes prohibitively expensive to repair an EVA unit. That limit is reached in episode 19, where two EVA units are extensively damaged, and funding to repair the units is taken from EVA building, forcing the cancellation of two EVA units.

There is also a similarily named term, the Hayflick Limit, to which is may also refer to. The limit refers to the finite number of times cells of higher-order organisms may divide before the cell becomes too "old" to divide. The significance of this is that Evangelions are not "repaired", like a mechanical object, such as a vehicle, but instead healed or regenerated. There is a limit to the chemistry of the biomechanics of an Evangelion unit can be treated by NERV, which gives new significance to the use of the "spare parts" that were used from Evangelion Units 5 and 6.

3.14) Is that Real Beer that Misato Drinks?

Yes and no. One brand that Misato drinks is Yebisu, which is definitely a real beer. However, after complaints by the brewers, in episode 2 the name was changed to "Yebichu", which may also be a homage to a manga series, "Oruchuban Yebichu".

According to Carl Horn the brand name was retracted because the TV network which broadcast the series objected because the brewers of "Yebisu" did not advertise with them, and didn't want to give the brewers free publicity!

The other is Boa, which appears to be a homage to the anime film "Sora Tobu Yuurei Sen" (1969). In this film Boa juice is a highly addictive and poisonous beverage.

3.15) What is "fan service"?

Generally speaking, "fan service" are shots of a light sexual nature, nothing usually more than brief flashes of cleavage or nudity. This includes shots from above of well endowed female characters, shots of buttocks (clothed or otherwise), etc. Normally this is restricted to female characters, but male characters can be "service" subjects.

3.16) Which Identities of Naoko Akagi are in the MAGI?

In episode 13 Ritsuko refers to each of the three MAGI Supercomputers as having an identity of her mother and the creator of the MAGI, Dr. Naoko Akagi. This means that their logic circuits (for want of a better term) follow a prescribed or programmed behaviour, and make decisions according to that behaviour.

According to the RCB:

MAGI Computer Identity Melchior (1) Scientist Balthasar (2) Mother Casper (3) Woman

3.17) Is the Leaf Silhoutte on the NERV logo a fig leaf?

Probably.

3.18) Is the aircraft carrier "Over The Rainbow" a real vessel?

(This information was excerpted from the Evangelion Encyclopaedia, included with the Italian edition of the Evangelion TV series video release, authored by "Gualtiero Cannarsi" <shito at tin.it>. Text supplied by Annalisa Bracco <brac at writeme.com>)

Yes. The ship is the USS Harry S. Truman, which entered service with the US Atlantic Fleet on April 25, 1998. Presumably the name change was acquired when it was attached to the UN Pacific Fleet, and tasked to deliver Unit-02 to Japan (as seen in episode 8)


EVA FAQ ver.0.6.3 Written by Stephen Lee. Edited by Widya Santoso. Last revised November 5, 1999.

EVA FAQ version 0.6.3

New information delinated with "(*"

Contents

Section 4. Merchandise.

Now incorporated into the Evangelion English Mailing List Merchandising FAQ.

Section 5. Spoilers

5.0) What is the Instrumentality of Men project? 5.0.1) Is the Instrumentality of Mankind Third Impact? 5.1) Who is Yui, and what is her connection to EVA-01? (ep.21) 5.2) What happened to Shinji when he was small? (ep.21) 5.3) What happened to Asuka's parents? (ep.22) 5.4) What is the big deal about Rei? (major spoiler ep.23, 24) 5.5) Why is everybody talking about the last two episodes? (ep.25 & 26) 5.6) What is the Spear of Longinus(sp?)? (Deleted and included in 1.6) 5.7) What is LCL? 5.8) What is the RCB? 5.8.1) Is the RCB Evangelion Canon? 5.9) Why does Rei's image appear in front of Shinji in episode 1? 5.10) Why does Shinji's Plug Suit appear when he disappears completely

     into EVA Unit 1 in episode 20?

5.11) Is the term "Children" a deliberate use?

--

Section 4. Merchandise.

Now incorporated into the Evangelion English Mailing List Merchandising FAQ.

The Merchandising FAQ (also known as the EVA MFAQ) was created on March 22, 1999.) This section had become the largest sized section in the Evangelion English Mailing List FAQ (known as the FAQ) and was separated to create its own document.

The charter for this document is to contain entries of merchandise related to the Japanese animated TV series "Neon Genesis Evangelion". The definition of "merchandise" are items designed to promote the series and/or offered for retail sale.

This document is posted to the mailing list in the middle of the month by the editor.


Section 5. Spoilers

Each question is marked by the episode that it spoils. If you have not watched up to that episode I strongely advice against reading the spoiler. Part of the enjoyment of EVA is to watch the complex plot unfold, and several people has expressed regret being spoiled some major points in the plot (which below has).

5.0) What is the Instrumentality of Men project?

Gendou's main responsibility is said to be the Instrumentality of Men project instead of the Evangelion project in ep.??. Incidentally, the phrase "Instrumentality of Men" is attributed to Anno himself.

[Translation note: '"Instrumentality of Mankind"? Yes, "Instrumentality of Mankind" was translated to "JinRui Hokan Kikou" in Japanese.

'When Literal Translation Project started translating EVANGELION, I translated "JinRui Hokan Keikaku" as "Instrumentality of Mankind Project." Later, ANNO himself revealed it must be translated to "Instrumentality of Man Project". (Well, sounds like politically-incorrect... )'

- Takeuchi Shouichi]

5.0.1) Is the Instrumentality of Mankind Third Impact?

What was to be achieved by Seele and by NERV/Gendou appear to be two different things. Throughout the series there are many examples where Seele is dissatisfied with the progress and performance of NERV and Gendou. What is certainly known is that during the TV series Instrumentality is part of the tasks alloted to NERV.

In the TV series it was never explained what Seele's ultimate objective is. In the films the objective appears to force the Third Impact, by force if not via the cooperation of NERV, by using EVA and the Spear of Longinus. Seele seeks to force the evolution of man by destroying mankind. Gendou has an alternate method of forcing Third Impact, through Lilith and Rei. Both seem at cross purposes to Complementation, as shown on TV episodes 25 & 26, especially with the conclusion of of the films.

The following is an explanation of what the Complementation of the Instrumentality of Man is.

Text by Ernest Ng

--

What was sought to be achieved was Complementation by the Instrumentality of Man (see TV episode 25). The Complementation was to be the filling of the vacuum in our minds to remove anxiety and fear. This would be done by removing AT Fields so that people could openly discuss and master their fears (as is seen in TV episodes 25 & 26 by Misato et al guiding Shinji to his revelation). Thus, "Complementation" was to be achieved through the means or "Instrumentality of (open discussion with) Man". Hope you can all understand that - I didn't explain it well. That's how I see it anyway.

Ernest_Ng at proctors.com.au --

5.1) Who is Yui, and what is her connection to EVA-01? (ep.21)

Ikari Yui is Shinji's mother. In ep.21 we learned she was a student in the University where Fuyutsuki worked as a Professor. She was a test pilot of EVA-01, and died while in an experiment involving it. ("As I wished," said Naoko, Ritsuko's mother and inventor of MAGI.) No detail of the accident is told. However in ep.20 Ritsuko said she didn't invent the pilot salvage process (concerning the 400% synchro incident), that it was used 10 years ago but failed. Combine with the fact that Shinji has lived away from Gendou for 10 years, there is a strong hint that Yui was absorbed into EVA-01 much like what happened to Shinji in ep.20.

There are other hints to this end; EVA-01 has moved several times by itself, without external power, to protect Shinji. In the manga, Shinji encounters an unknown female figure while unconcious in EVA-01.

There was some suspicion after the disapperance of Yui that her husband may have intentionally caused her death: in Ep. 21 newspaper headlines are shown.

The headlines read:

~The Dark Side of the UN: Corruption in Secret Organization! ~Secret UN Organization: Bio-medicine's Scientific Sanctuary ~The AEL- What is the secret of the Dead Sea Scrolls?

   Artificial Evolution Laboratory

~University Faction in Dispute ~Cozy Relationship with Some Corporations ~Gene Manipulation? ~Terrifying Bio-Hazard! ~Technology to Invade the Arena of... Terror! ~One Reported Dead ~DEATH ~...for... ...research...

    Yui Ikari, age 27, became the victim of...
    ... incompetence in the laboratory...

~Careless miss? ~Human Experimentation?

    ...human negligence... DNA Inforamtion

~Runaway Effect ~Expected Danger ~Former Co-researcher ~Bribe! ~Gendo Ikari is sued... ~Genom Biology ~Supreme Court Verdict of Innocent for... ~Lack of Morals... ~Technology of God

During these headlines, the following subtitles are seen:

"That's Right! He may be guilty of killing his own wife." "He killed his own wife." "No! Mother was... smiling."


5.2) What happened to Shinji when he was small? (ep.21)

He witnessed Yui's fatal accident, and "ran away" from NERV and his father. Probably as a result of this and Yui's death, Rei is recruited as a pilot. In the earlier episodes he has no recollection of this. We were made to assume that Gendou abandoned him to work on his project. Shinji finally remembers in ep.(20? 21?).

I don't think this justifies what Gendou does to his son, but that's a different question.

5.3) What happened to Asuka's parents? (ep.22)

Her mother got into an accident while test piloting an EVA (EVA-02?) and become insane. She thought a doll was Asuka and ignored the real Asuka. She was shown to have "killed" the doll and then committed suicide in ep.22, which Asuka discovered. As a result, Asuka hates dolls and Rei, who she thinks is passive "like a doll".

There are several hints that Asuka's mother suffered the same fate as Yui Ikari, that is she was also absorbed in the same type of experiment, but in her case was retrieved, but went insane. In the films it is shown that she "exists" in Eva Unit-02.

Asuka's father remarried and her step mom gave her a call from Germany in ep.22.

5.4) What is the big deal about Rei? (major spoiler ep.23, 24)

Rei is a clone, in the sense that there are multiple copies of her body. She is probably cloned from Yui Ikari (the RCB states that Rei was derived from the remains of Yui after the accident in 2005), and Lillith, the being crucified in the Terminal Dogma. She was said to process some Angel-like characteristics: She has red eyes, and Kaoru said to her "We are alike." in ep.24. It was hinted that she generated an A.T.Field in ep.24. She was somehow connected with Yui: They look alike, which Naoko noticed in ep.23, and Shinji commented "I feel she is like (a) mother" in ep.?? and again "so, that feeling was right after all" in ep.23.

The only people who definitely knew, prior to ep.23, was Gendou, Ritsuko, and Maya (hence her comment of dummy plugs being "inhumane" in episode 14). Fuyutsuki probabaly knows also.

Rei is instrumental to the completion of Gendou's plans in the films. Gendou planned to unite Rei, Lilith- and himself- to complete his version of the Third Impact. Instead, Rei rejected Gendou and unites with Lilith alone, becoming a deity, and giving Shinji the option to decide.

There is only 1 "operational" Rei in any given moment in the TV series. The rest of the bodies are said (by Ritsuko in ep.23) to possess no "soul" and are just "spare parts" to the dummy plugs and the real Rei. It seems that it is possible to transfer her soul to another body in the event of her death, which happened twice in the series.

The first Rei was killed (strangled) by Naoko. The incident was shown in ep.21.

The second Rei sacrificed herself to save Shinji in ep.23.

5.5) Why is everybody talking about the last two episodes?

    (ep.25 & 26)   

Mostly likely that it did not make a satisfying ending and it confused many viewers. It did not give much of a conclusion just a lot of philsophy.

Of course, some people liked 25 & 26.

5.7) What is LCL?

LCL, the fluid that Evangelion pilots breath whilst in the entry plug, is the liquid that issues out of Lillith. According to End Of Evangelion, when the Third Impact takes place, human matter dissolves into LCL. This, of course, brings up several interpretations of what LCL is, something that is beyond the charter for the FAQ.

5.8) What is the RCB?

The Red Cross Book lists a glossary of terms as used in the series and films, and claims to be the final explanation of the secrets and mysteries of Evangelion. The following terms and names are defined in the Red Cross Book:

A-801; A.T. Field; BC Weapon; L.C.L; MAGI; N^2 Weapon; S^2 Engine; Aoba Shigeru; Akagi Ritsuko; The Red Earth Purification Ceremony; Adam; Ayanami Rei; Umbilical Cable; Ikari Shinji; Ikari Gendou; Ikari Yui; Ibuki Maya; Secret Dead Sea Scrolls; Entry Plug; Evangelion; Evangelion mass-produced model (EVA series); Kaji Rouji; Katsuragi Misato; Gaf's Room; Keel Lorentz; Black Moon; Community/Colony; Third Impact; Third Children; Geo-Front; Angels; EVA-01; Human Complementation Plan; Stigmata; Tree of Life; Fruit of Life; SEELE; SEELE's Coat of Arm; Second Impact; Second Children; Tree of Sephiroth; Noises of Cicada; Strategic Self-Defence Force; Central Dogma; Souryu.Asuka.Langley; Souryu.Kyouko.Langley; Dummy Plug; Neo-Tokyo-2; Neo-Tokyo-3; Single-Form; Fruit of Wisdom; Children; Rite of Passage; Destrado; Secret Agency NERV; Nagisa Kaworu; EVA-02; Mark of NERV; Ark; Command Centre (literal translation: Command Announcement Office); Hyouga Makoto; First Children; Fuyutsuki Kouzou; Plug Suit; Progressive Knife; Frigate; Bakelite; Enchantment; Lilith; Lilim; Spear of Longinus; and Spear of Longinus (copy)

A translation of the RCB by Patrick Yip can be found at

http://www.geocities.com/Tokyo/Towers/4190/shrine.html

5.8.1) Is the RCB Evangelion Canon?

The RCB is produced and edited by Studio Yuu under the supervision of Gainax/EVA Production Committee. Studio Yuu is listed in End of Evangelion as Promotion Assitance, and the copyright to RCB is owned by of Gainax/EVA Production Committee. It's a fair guess that the RCB can be considered as canon.

5.9) Why does Rei's image appear in front of Shinji in episode 1?

This appers early on in the episode. Shinji has just arrived in Tokyo-3, just as the population has retreated to shelters as the Third Angel attacks. As Shinji tries to ring Misato and find out why she isn't there to pick him up, he turns and sees Rei's image suddenly appear. He turns away momentarily, and when he turns back, it's gone.

This incident is never referred to again in the series, leaving this a true mystery.

At the end of the film End of Evangelion Rei appears in the same way that she appeared at the beginning of the TV series; in other words, she is the Beginning and the End, the Alpha and the Omega.

5.10) Why does Shinji's Plug Suit appear when he disappears completely into EVA Unit 1 in episode 20?

When Shinji disappears into EVA Unit 1 (episodes 19/20) he's wearing his school uniform. Later on in 20, his plug suit appears. Some have considered this to be a continuity error on the part of Gainax. The following line is the only piece of information that refers directly to plug suits:

Ritsuko: All of the materials which formed Shinji-kun are kept in the plug. What is called his soul exits there. In fact, his ego image gives pseudosubstance to his plugsuit.

An interpretation of this line means that when a pilot operates an EVA Unit, his or her body can disintegrate. The plug suit is used to keep the physical body together so that the pilot can be retrieved intact.

It can be then surmised that the plan to retrieve Shini involves collecting his substance and reordering it using the plug suit.

Patrick Yip <Patrick.Yip at ing-barings.com> has noted though that the line spoken by Ritsuko does not exist in the original script. It has been theorised that there was an error of animation continuity which was caught before the episode was completed. The line was included to explain the inconsistency.

Bochan Bird <mmk at gol.com> theorises that Shinji's physical form was instead turned into LCL. If this is true, then his clothes were also absorbed (it's not seen in the plug.)

In End of Evangelion, when people are turning into LCL near the end of the film, their clothes are left behind!

Now to err once could be explained as a mistake; to make the same mistake twice (albeit from different directions) could be construed as carelessness. Whilst the LCL theory seems viable it would seem that the reasons why Shinji is absorbed in 20 and why people turn into LCL are both different; having made a mistake with one set of continuity why would Gainax make it again in the film.

5.11) Is the term "Children" a deliberate use?

According to a Evangelion date/address book, as Rei was not one child, but several identical clone children, she was referred to as the "First Children." It is surmised that to protect/hide this information, following Evangelion pilots were referred to as the "n-th Children".


EVA FAQ ver.0.6.3 Written by Stephen Lee. Edited by Widya Santoso. Last revised November 5, 1999.